Commelina aspera Benth.
var. aspera

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Synonyms: Commelina aspera Benth. var. firma C.B. Clarke
Commelina firma (C.B. Clarke) Rendle
Cyanotis hirsuta Baker
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Sparsely branched annual herb with decumbent, ascending or erect stems up to c. 30 cm tall. Leaves mostly clustered at the ends of shoots, sessile, linear-oblong to oblong elliptic, 3-13 cm long, pubescence variable but often more or less pilose on both surfaces. Inflorescences in clusters at the ends of main and lateral shoots. Spathes, up to 2 cm long, partly fused. Petals orange or pale apricot to white, 4.5-4.8 mm wide with a mauve claw 2-2.8 mm long. Capsules 3-locular, obovoid, up to 5 mm long, pale yellow.
Type location:
Syntypes from Ghana and Nigeria
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: aspera: rough
Habitat: In woodland, grassland, on roadside banks and in shallow soils in rock crevices.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread from Ghana to Uganda and Tanzania and South to Botswana and Namibia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 294.

Faden, R. (2012). Commelinaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 236 - 237.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 86.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 117.

Other sources of information about Commelina aspera var. aspera:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commelina aspera var. aspera
Flora of Malawi: Commelina aspera var. aspera
Flora of Mozambique: Commelina aspera var. aspera
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commelina aspera var. aspera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Commelina aspera
African Plant Database: Commelina aspera
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Commelina aspera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Commelina aspera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commelina aspera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commelina aspera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commelina aspera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Commelina aspera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Commelina aspera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commelina aspera
Ispot Southern Africa: Commelina aspera
JSTOR Plant Science: Commelina aspera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commelina aspera
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Commelina aspera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Commelina aspera
The Plant List (version 1.1): Commelina aspera
Tropicos: Commelina aspera


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Commelina aspera var. aspera.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=112580, retrieved 12 December 2017

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