Vitex petersiana Klotzsch

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Vitex petersiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
By junction of Salt Springs road and the main road from Mandavu to Sinamatella

Vitex petersiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
By junction of Salt Springs road and the main road from Mandavu to Sinamatella

Vitex petersiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
By junction of Salt Springs road and the main road from Mandavu to Sinamatella

Vitex petersiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
By junction of Salt Springs road and the main road from Mandavu to Sinamatella

Vitex petersiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp, Mana Pools National Park

Vitex petersiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
By entrance at Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge

Vitex petersiana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Garura section of Mazowe River Game Reserve, Maramba CL, across Mazowe River from Hippo Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vitex kirkii Baker
Vitex tettensis Klotzsch
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Multi-stemmed shrub or rarely a small tree. Bark grey fairly smooth; young branchlets velvety. Leaves opposite, 3-foliolate; leaflets broadly elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, up to c. 5 × 3 cm, central leaflet largest, thinly textured, often somewhat greyish-green with a whitish bloom, hairless above,sometimes sparsely hairy on the midrib below; margin often with a few teeth in the upper half; petiolules absent on the lateral leaflets, usually short but distinct on the central leaflet. Flowers in few-flowered, axillary heads, c. 1 cm long, white with a purple-blue lower lip. Fruit ellipsoid, c. 1.2 cm long, fleshy, black when ripe, cupped by the persistent calyx.
Type location:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: petersiana: named after Professor Wilhelm Peters (1815-1863) of Berlin who collected in Mozambique in the early 19th century.
Habitat: In dry deciduous woodland and scrub, often with Colophospermum mopane and also on termite mounds
Altitude range: 200 - 1000 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 985.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 79.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 57.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 78 - 79. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 71.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 70. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Vitex petersiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Vitex petersiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vitex petersiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vitex petersiana
African Plant Database: Vitex petersiana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vitex petersiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vitex petersiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex petersiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vitex petersiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vitex petersiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vitex petersiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vitex petersiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex petersiana
Ispot Southern Africa: Vitex petersiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex petersiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vitex petersiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vitex petersiana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vitex petersiana
Tropicos: Vitex petersiana


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Vitex petersiana.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148950, retrieved 23 January 2018

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