Nicotiana tabacum L.

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Nicotiana tabacum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vanduzi, Manica

Nicotiana tabacum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vanduzi, Manica

Nicotiana tabacum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vanduzi, Manica.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Somewhat bushy annual or short-lived perennial, to 2 m. Leaves obovate-spathulate to elliptic or sometimes lanceolate, 50 cm or more in length but upper leaves smaller, green or brownish, ± hairy and sticky glandular on both surfaces; base narrowing into a winged petiole, decurrent on the stem; lower leaves often forming a rosette; margin entire but wavy. Flowers in branched, terminal and axillary heads. Corolla pale greenish to white with pink or reddish lobes, expanded into a wide gaping throat; tube up to 8 cm long. Fruit more or less erect, narrowly ellipsoid, ovoid or round, 10-20 mm long, brownish, hairless, beaked, splitting above into 2 valves.
Type location:
America
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Originating in N Argentina and Bolivia but now throughout tropical South America, Central America and the southern United States.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Chrysodeixis chalcites (Food plant)
Maruca vitrata (Larval food plant)
Oedicentra albipennis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 17 - 18.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 37.

Other sources of information about Nicotiana tabacum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Nicotiana tabacum
Flora of Mozambique: Nicotiana tabacum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Nicotiana tabacum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Nicotiana tabacum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Nicotiana tabacum
African Plant Database: Nicotiana tabacum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Nicotiana tabacum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Nicotiana tabacum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nicotiana tabacum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Nicotiana tabacum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Nicotiana tabacum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Nicotiana tabacum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Nicotiana tabacum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nicotiana tabacum
Ispot Southern Africa: Nicotiana tabacum
JSTOR Plant Science: Nicotiana tabacum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Nicotiana tabacum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Nicotiana tabacum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Nicotiana tabacum
Tropicos: Nicotiana tabacum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Nicotiana tabacum.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150870, retrieved 12 December 2017

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