Justicia matammensis (Schweinf.) Oliv.

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Justicia matammensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Justicia matammensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Umvumvumvu bridge, road from Mutare to Birchenough Bridge.

Justicia matammensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near main road, Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Justicia matammensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near main road, Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Justicia matammensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
West of Masvingo on road to Zvishavane

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adhatoda matammensis Schweinf.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Straggling or creeping annual herb, up to 40 cm high. Stems erect or decumbent, rooting at the lower nodes, densely covered in spreading hairs. Leaves more or less broadly lanceolate, more or less hairy, often more so along the margins and on the veins. Inflorescences axillary, spike-like, usually 2 per node, 4-9-flowered. Corolla c. 4 mm long, white with purple or maroon lines on the lip.
Type location:
South Sudan or Ethiopia
Notes: See Justicia exigua and Justicia anagalloides for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: matammensis: of Matamma, an area on Sudanese-Ethiopian border, where the type specimen was found.
Habitat: In wooded areas, particularly in disturbed soils.
Altitude range: Up to 1900 m
Flowering time:Throughout the year
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, NE DRC, CAR, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 19.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 194 - 195.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 16. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18.

Other sources of information about Justicia matammensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Justicia matammensis
Flora of Malawi: Justicia matammensis
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia matammensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia matammensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Justicia matammensis
African Plant Database: Justicia matammensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Justicia matammensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Justicia matammensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Justicia matammensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Justicia matammensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Justicia matammensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Justicia matammensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Justicia matammensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia matammensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Justicia matammensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Justicia matammensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Justicia matammensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Justicia matammensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Justicia matammensis
Tropicos: Justicia matammensis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Justicia matammensis.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154500, retrieved 22 September 2017

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