G.485. Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb.


Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis; spikelets single and adaxial, paired or rarely in fascicles. Spikelets plump, obtuse to acute; sometimes the lowest internode elongated and then forming a short stipe (B. nigropedata) lower glume usually shorter than spikelet; lower lemma awnless (rarely in B. nigropedata and B. serrata with a short awn point); upper lemma as long as the spikelet, coriaceous to crustaceous; apex acute, obtuse or rarely mucronulate.

Worldwide: c. 100 species in warm regions, mainly Africa

Zambia: 21 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Lined pearl)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
arrecta (T. Durand & Schinz) StentN,SC,SDescription, Image
bovonei (Chiov.) RobynsB,N,W,C,E,SMc,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
brevispicata (Rendle) Stapf Nw
brizantha (A. Rich.) StapfB,N,W,C,E,SN,LkDescription, Image
clavipila (Chiov.) Robyns Lp
deflexa (Schumach.) RobynsN,C,E,SN,LkDescription, Image
dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) StapfB,N,W,C,E,SLk,WDescription
dura StapfC,S,WDescription
eminii (Mez) RobynsN,EN,Lk
eruciformis (J.E. Sm.) Griseb.C,SN,LkDescription
grossa StapfN,C,SN,C,LkDescription
jubata (Fig. & De Not.) StapfN,C,SN,LkDescription
nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) StapfB,SWDescription, Image
oligobrachiata (Pilg.) Henr. S,W
platynota (K.Schum.) Robyns Cb
pungipes Clayton [LR-lc]Nw
rugulosa StapfC,SDescription
scalaris Pilg.LpDescription
serrata (Thunb.) StapfB,N,W,C,SN,Lk,WDescription, Image
subulifolia (Mez) ClaytonN,W,CLp,LkDescription
xantholeuca (Schinz) StapfB,C,SN,Lk,WDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Brachiaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Brachiaria
Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria
Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachiaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brachiaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachiaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria
Tropicos: Brachiaria
Wikipedia: Brachiaria

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Brachiaria.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=197, retrieved 21 April 2024

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