Polyscias fulva (Hiern) Harms

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Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Genaina Lodge.

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Fallen tree in Castleburn Forest

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Old hotel site near Best Kept Secret cottages, Vumba

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along road going up Mt Tsetsera

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along road up to Mt Tsetsera

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Entrance to Zovo Chipolo Trail, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Polyscias malosana Harms
Common names:
Status: Native
Large evergreen tree with a straight trunk, branches forming at high level. Leaves large up to 80 cm long, imparipinnate with 9-12 pairs of leaflets, terminal leaflet sometimes absent; leaflets, more or less narrowly ovate, 9-16 cm long, dark green and hairless above, covered in rusty-cream stellate hairs below; apex pointed; base lobed, clasping the rhachis; margin entire. Flowers small creamy-green, honey-scented in large, loose axillary heads. Fruit ovoid, up to 6 × 4 mm, ribbed, crowned with the remains of the styles.
Type location:
Fernando Po
Derivation of specific name: fulva: tawny, reddish-yellow
Habitat: A tree of montane forest and forest margins, particularly as a pioneer in clearings.
Altitude range: Up to 2500 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widely distributed throughout tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bamps, P. (1974). Contribution à l'étude des Araliacées africaines Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 44(1/2) Pages 122 - 124.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 78. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 719. (Includes a picture).

Cannon, J.F.M. (1978). Araliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 625 - 627. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 45.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 845 - 846.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 28.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 264.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 27.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 58 - 59. as Polyscias malosana

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 46.

Tennant, J.R. (1968). Araliaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 12 - 14. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 450 - 451. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 154 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Polyscias fulva:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Polyscias fulva
Flora of Mozambique: Polyscias fulva
Flora of Zimbabwe: Polyscias fulva
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Polyscias fulva

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Polyscias fulva
African Plant Database: Polyscias fulva
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Polyscias fulva
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polyscias fulva
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Polyscias fulva
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Polyscias fulva
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Polyscias fulva
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Polyscias fulva
iNaturalist: Polyscias fulva
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polyscias fulva
JSTOR Plant Science: Polyscias fulva
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Polyscias fulva
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Polyscias fulva
Plants of the World Online: Polyscias fulva
Tropicos: Polyscias fulva
Wikipedia: Polyscias fulva

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Polyscias fulva.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142900, retrieved 3 December 2021

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