Clerodendrum tanganyikense Baker

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Clerodendrum tanganyikense

Flower
Miombo woodland/Termitaria/Dambo margin
Mumbuluma area, Mporokoso District
Mar 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Clerodendrum tanganyikense

Habit
Miombo woodland/Termitaria/Dambo margin
Mumbuluma area, Mporokoso District
Mar 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Clerodendrum tanganyikense

Inflorescence
Miombo woodland/Termitaria/Dambo margin
Mumbuluma area, Mporokoso District
Mar 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Clerodendrum bequaertii De Wild.
Clerodendrum buchholzii Richards & Morony
Clerodendrum consors S. Moore
Clerodendrum dubium De Wild.
Clerodendrum lupakense S. Moore
Clerodendrum tanganyikense var. bequaertii (De Wild.) Moldenke
Clerodendrum tanganyikense var. dubium (De Wild.) Moldenke
Clerodendrum tanganyikense var. microcalyx Moldenke
Common names:
Frequency: Widespread
Status: Native
Description:
Low sparsely branched erect shrub to c. 1 m high or scandent shrub producing arching stems to c. 6 m by means of persistent hook-like retrorse petiole bases; leaves opposite, subopposite or 3-whorled, 2.5-16 x 1.5-10.8 cm, broadly elliptic or suborbicular to oblong-obovate, margins entire to repand-dentate or undulate, glabrous above and sparsely pubescent on margins and veins beneath, petiole 0.2-5.5 cm; inflorescence terminal and paniculate, cymes few to many flowered, racemosely to subumbellately arranged on slender peduncles 3-6 cm long on inflorescence and 1-3 cm long on cymes; calyx (4)5-7 mm long and 2-3 mm in diameter, narrowly cylindrical-funnel shaped, appressed pubescent or hairy; lobes 1-2 mm long, triangular; corolla white, sweet scented; tube 15-19 mm long, sparsely hairy to the base, lobes 2.5-4.5 x 2.5 mm, suborbicular to broadly ovate; anther and stigma greenish; style exserted 8 mm; fruit c. 1.2 x 0.9 cm, oblong-ellipsoid.
Type location:
Zambia, Lake Tanganyika, Fwambo, Carson 52 (K, holotype)
Notes: Red Data list status: Widespread, most likely LR-lc
Derivation of specific name: tanganyikense: in reference to Lake Tanganyika, location of the type specimen
Habitat: Miombo/Brachystegia woodland and wooded grassland; thicket vegetation; dambo margins and lake shore woodland; often on termitaria.
Altitude range: 1020 - 1720 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Northern Zambia and possibly occurring in adjacent Tanzania
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 10 February 2020
Literature:

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 111 - 112.

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum tanganyikense:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum tanganyikense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum tanganyikense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum tanganyikense
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clerodendrum tanganyikense
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clerodendrum tanganyikense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum tanganyikense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clerodendrum tanganyikense
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum tanganyikense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum tanganyikense
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum tanganyikense
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clerodendrum tanganyikense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum tanganyikense
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum tanganyikense
Tropicos: Clerodendrum tanganyikense
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum tanganyikense


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Clerodendrum tanganyikense.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=205970, retrieved 28 November 2020

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