Habenaria villosa Rolfe

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Habenaria villosa

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Moffat Farm
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria villosa

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Moffat Farm
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria villosa

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Moffat Farm
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria villosa

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Moffat Farm
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb up to 35 cm tall growing from ovoid or ellipsoid tubers; stem slender, erect with 1 basal leaf and c. 7 sheathing stem leaves; basal leaf appressed to ground, 4-7 x 4-6 cm, ovate to cordate, fleshy, glabrous above but ciliate on edges, silvery with dark green veins; stem leaves 10-20 mm long; stem, bract-like leaves, bracts, ovary and sepals all pubescent; inflorescence fairly densely 7-12 flowered; bracts c. 7 mm long; flowers non-resupinate, rather campanulate in shape, yellow to yellowish green; ovary and pedicel suberect, 8-11 mm long; dorsal sepal ovate, convex, 7-7.5 x 3-4 mm; lateral sepals 7-8 x 3 mm; petals 2-lobed in apical third, tips of the lobes slightly reflexed, upper lobed 2 x c. 1 mm, lower lobes 3.5 x 2 mm; lip 3-lobed to about half its length, mid-lobe 5-6 x 1-2.5 mm, side lobes 4-5.5 x 1-2 mm long; spur curving downwards, 13-15 mm long, somewhat swollen at apex.
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: villosa: velvety or shortly hairy, probably referring to the pubescence of the stem, bract-like leaves, bracts, ovary and sepals.
Habitat: In longish grass in open woodland and dry dambo.
Altitude range: 1150 - 1365 m
Flowering time:Feb
Worldwide distribution: Zambia east to Malawi and Tanzania
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 9 May 2019
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 129.

Other sources of information about Habenaria villosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria villosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria villosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria villosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria villosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria villosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria villosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria villosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria villosa
iNaturalist: Habenaria villosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria villosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria villosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria villosa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria villosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria villosa
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria villosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria villosa
Tropicos: Habenaria villosa
Wikipedia: Habenaria villosa


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria villosa.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=218400, retrieved 20 September 2020

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