4546.000 Anacardium L.

Description of the genus

Suffrutices or trees with contact dermatitis-causing exudate. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, domatia usually present in abaxial secondary vein axils. Flowers in terminal and/or axillary thyrses, andromonoecious. Male flowers: calyx 5-partite; petals 5-partite, reflexed, white to light pink, darkening post pollination; disk 0; pistillode 1, very reduced; stamens (6-)8-10(-12), fertile stamens 1(-4), much larger and exserted; filaments basally connate into a staminal tube. Female flowers: perianth and disk similar to male; staminodes 0; ovary falsely 1-merous; stigma 1, obscure, reduced to a mere point. Drupe reniform, subtended by white, green, yellow, or red hypocarp (rarely absent); pericarp woody; exocarp greenish to brown to black; 1-locular. [Description by Dr Susan Pell]

Worldwide: 11 or more species in Central and South America. Anacardium occidentale is cultivated pantropically.

Zambia: 1 cultivated taxon.

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occidentale L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Anacardium:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Anacardium
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Anacardium
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Anacardium

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Anacardium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Anacardium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Anacardium
Wikipedia: Anacardium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Anacardium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Anacardium

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Cultivated plants: genus page: Anacardium.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1582, retrieved 25 March 2023

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