Ficus religiosa L.

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Ficus religiosa

Photo: Mike Bingham

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Common names:
Description: Large tree to 30 m. Leaves drooping: petiole 5-11 cm long, glabrous; lamina broadly ovate, 6-15 cm (excluding the acumen) × 5.5-14 cm, glossy dark green above, paler and duller green beneath; apex drawn out into an exceptionally long (3-8 cm) drip-tip or acumen. Fruit round or strongly dorsiventrally flattened, 7 mm long × 10-14 mm wide, sessile, glabrous, red or purple when ripe. Basal bracts in threes.
Derivation of specific name: religiosa: of religious significance
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Its native distribution is from India to Southern China, Vietnam and northern Thailand but it is widely cultivated in the tropics and subtropics.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species: Platyscapa quadriceps (Pollinated by this insect)
Glyphodes negatalis (Larval foodplant)
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Content last updated: Saturday 2 July 2016

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 272 - 274. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Ficus religiosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: cultivated Ficus religiosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus religiosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ficus religiosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus religiosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus religiosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus religiosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus religiosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus religiosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus religiosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus religiosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus religiosa
Plants of the World Online: Ficus religiosa
Tropicos: Ficus religiosa
Wikipedia: Ficus religiosa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Ficus religiosa., retrieved 24 February 2024

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