Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Rosales

Rhamnaceae - Buffalo-thorn family

Drummond, R.B. (1966) Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, suffrutices or lianes; branches sometimes with coiled tendrils (Gouania and Helinus). Stipules present, sometimes spiny. Leaves alternate (sometimes opposite or subopposite) or fasciculate, simple. Flowers bisexual or rarely unisexual, actinomorphic. Sepals (4-)5. Petals (4-)5 or 0. Disk usually present and well-developed. Ovary superior, subinferior or inferior, 2-4-locular. Fruit a drupe, capsule or schizocarp.

Worldwide: 49 genera and 900 species, cosmopolitan, but especially in tropical and warm areas.

Zambia: 5 genera and 9 taxa.

No image yet

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Berchemia Neck. ex DC.Description, Image
Helinus E. Mey. ex Endl.Description, Image
Rhamnus L.Description, Image
Scutia (DC.) Brongn.Description, Image
Ziziphus Mill.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Rhamnaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Rhamnaceae
Flora of Malawi: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rhamnaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Rhamnaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhamnaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhamnaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhamnaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhamnaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rhamnaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhamnaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhamnaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhamnaceae
Wikipedia: Rhamnaceae
Plants of the World Online: Rhamnaceae
Tropicos: Rhamnaceae



Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Rhamnaceae.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=195, retrieved 16 June 2024

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