Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Poales

Typhaceae - Bulrush family

Anderson, J.G. (1966) Typhaceae Flora of Southern Africa 1

Description of the family

Stout, monoecious, rhizomatous perennial herbs rooted in mud. Stems erect, simple, without nodes, terminated by dense cylindric flower spikes. Leaves distichous, simple, linear, ± glaucous, entire, ± all basal, with long, open, but tightly clasping sheathing bases; the free part of the leaves usually twisted. Flowers unisexual, very numerous, densely crowded in a terminal spike, the male flowers in the upper part, the female flowers below. Male flowers subtended by scales or bracteoles; perianth 0 or of 3-6 small scales. Female flowers with or without bracteoles; perianth of slender hairs; abortive female flowers often present. Ovary superior, 1-locular with a solitary ovule. Fruit ellipsoid or subcylindric.

Worldwide: 1 genus and c.10-12 species, cosmopolitan.

Zambia: 1 genus and 2 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Typha L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Typhaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Typhaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Typhaceae
Flora of Malawi: Typhaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Typhaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Typhaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Typhaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Typhaceae
Wikipedia: Typhaceae

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Typhaceae.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=225, retrieved 30 October 2020

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