Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Malpighiales

Violaceae - Violet family

Robson, N.K.B. (1960) Violaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or herbs. Stipules 2. Leaves usually alternate, simple. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic (Rinorea) or zygomorphic (Hybanthus and Viola). Sepals 5, usually free. Petals 5, free, the anterior one (in zygomorphic genera) spurred. Stamens 5, often bearing appendages. Ovary superior, 1-locular. Fruit a loculicidal capsule.

Worldwide: 20 genera and 800 species, cosmopolitan but only Viola temperate.

Zambia: 3 genera and 6 taxa.

Viola abyssinica

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Afrohybanthus FlickerDescription
Rinorea Aubl.Description
Viola L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Violaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Violaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Violaceae
Flora of Malawi: Violaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Violaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Violaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Violaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Violaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Violaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Violaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Violaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Violaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Violaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Violaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Violaceae
Wikipedia: Violaceae
Plants of the World Online: Violaceae
Tropicos: Violaceae

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Violaceae.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=232, retrieved 3 December 2023

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