7350.000 Plectranthus L'Hér.

COLEUS Lour.

ENGLERASTRUM Briq.

HOLOSTYLON Robyns & J.-P. Lebrun

NEOHYPTIS J.K. Morton

SOLENOSTEMON Thonn.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs. Stems herbaceous or woody below, sometimes succulent. Inflorescence paniculate, racemose or subspicate, usually terminal. Flowers in whorls, few-flowered cymes or dichasia, occasionally solitary. Bracts small, clearly differentiated from the leaves. Calyx 2-lipped (the upper lip consisting of a large single tooth, the lower lip of 4 lanceolate-triangular or subulate teeth) or subequally 5-toothed. Corolla 2-lipped, tube usually bent and expanded near the base; upper lip usually 4-lobed, shorter than the boat-shaped lower lip. Stamens 4; filaments free or united at base. Stigma shortly 2-lobed. Nutlets smooth.

Worldwide: c. 300 species from tropical and warm parts of the Old World

Zambia: 39 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Junonia orithya (Eyed pansy)
Precis archesia (Garden commodore, Garden inspector)
Plectranthus mirabilis

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
africanus (Scott-Elliot) A.J. Paton N,W,CNw,Lp,C
alboviolaceus GürkeN,EMc
asymmetricus A.J. Paton NN
barbatus Andr. var. grandis (L.H.Cramer) Lukhoba & A.J.Paton NN,Mc
baumii GürkeB,N,W,C,SNw,N,Lk,SDescription, Image
betonicifolius Baker B,N,CLp,N,C,WImage
bifidus A.J. Paton WNw,Cb
bojeri (Benth.) HedgeB,N,W,C,E,SNw,Lp,E,Lk,SDescription, Image
buchananii BakerN,W,C,ECb,N,E,Lk
caninus Roth var. flavovirens (Gürke) A.J.PatonSS
decimus A.J. Paton N,WNw,N
defoliatus Benth. WCb
densus A.J. Paton B,N,W,ENw,Lp,N,Mc
djalonensis (A. Chev.) A.J PatonB,N,W,C,SN,C,S,WDescription, Image
efoliatus (De Wild.) A.J. PatonB,N,W,SCb,N,S,WDescription, Image
esculentus N.E. Br.B,N,W,C,E,SCb,N,Mc,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
foliatus A.J.Paton NN
gracillimus (T.C.E. Fr.) Hutch. & DandyN,W,C,E,SNw,N,E,SDescription, Image
guerkei Briq.N,W,CN,C,WDescription, Image
hockii De Wild. N,ELp,McDescription, Image
kapatensis (R.E. Fr.) J.K. MortonB,N,W,C,SCb,Lp,N,Mc,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
lasianthus (Gürke) VollesenN,C,SN,Mc,Lk,SDescription, Image
malawiensis B. Mathew [NrEnd]EMcDescription
megacalyx A.J. Paton EMc
melleri Baker NN
mirabilis (Briq.) Launert B,NLp,N,WDescription, Image
modestus Baker N,WNw,N
montanus Benth. SS
neochilus Schltr.CLkDescription, Image
penicillatus A.J. Paton EE
rotundifolius (Poir.) Spreng. WNw
schizophyllus Baker
shirensis (Gürke) A.J. PatonN,C,EN,E,LkDescription, Image
sigmoideus A.J. Paton N,WNw,NDescription, Image
sylvestris Gürke EMc
tenuicaulis (Hook. f.) J.K. Morton B,WNw
termiticola A.J. Paton SS
tetragonus GürkeB,W,C,E,SC,Lk
thyrsoideus (Baker) B. MathewN,W,CCb,N,Mc,CDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Plectranthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Plectranthus
Flora of Caprivi: Plectranthus
Flora of Malawi: Plectranthus
Flora of Mozambique: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Plectranthus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Plectranthus
Wikipedia: Plectranthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Plectranthus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1231, retrieved 26 October 2020

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