7350.000 Plectranthus L'Hér.

COLEUS Lour.

ENGLERASTRUM Briq.

HOLOSTYLON Robyns & J.-P. Lebrun

NEOHYPTIS J.K. Morton

SOLENOSTEMON Thonn.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs. Stems herbaceous or woody below, sometimes succulent. Inflorescence paniculate, racemose or subspicate, usually terminal. Flowers in whorls, few-flowered cymes or dichasia, occasionally solitary. Bracts small, clearly differentiated from the leaves. Calyx 2-lipped (the upper lip consisting of a large single tooth, the lower lip of 4 lanceolate-triangular or subulate teeth) or subequally 5-toothed. Corolla 2-lipped, tube usually bent and expanded near the base; upper lip usually 4-lobed, shorter than the boat-shaped lower lip. Stamens 4; filaments free or united at base. Stigma shortly 2-lobed. Nutlets smooth.

Worldwide: c. 200 species from tropical and warm parts of the Old World

Zambia: 52 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Junonia orithya (Eyed pansy)
Precis archesia (Garden commodore, Garden inspector)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
acaulis Brummitt & Seyani [NrEnd]EMcDescription
africanus (Scott-Elliot) A.J. Paton N,W,CNw,Lp,C
alboviolaceus GürkeN,EMc
asymmetricus A.J. Paton NN
barbatus Andr. var. grandis (L.H.Cramer) Lukhoba & A.J.Paton NN,Mc
baumii GürkeB,N,W,C,SNw,N,Lk,SDescription, Image
betonicifolius Baker B,N,CLp,N,C,W
bifidus A.J. Paton WNw,Cb
bojeri (Benth.) HedgeB,N,W,C,E,SNw,Lp,E,Lk,SDescription, Image
buchananii BakerN,W,C,ECb,N,E,Lk
candelabriformis LaunertB,W,C,SCb,Lk,S,W
caninus Roth var. flavovirens (Gürke) A.J.PatonSS
decimus A.J. Paton N,WNw,N
defoliatus Benth. WCb
densus A.J. Paton B,N,W,ENw,Lp,N,Mc
djalonensis (A. Chev.) A.J PatonB,N,W,C,SN,C,S,WDescription, Image
efoliatus (De Wild.) A.J. PatonB,N,W,SCb,N,S,WDescription, Image
equisetiformis (E.A.Bruce) Launert NN
esculentus N.E. Br.B,N,W,C,E,SCb,N,Mc,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
flaccidus Gürke
foliatus A.J.Paton NN
goetzei Gürke N,W,ENw,N,Mc
gracillimus (T.C.E. Fr.) Hutch. & DandyN,W,C,E,SNw,N,E,SDescription, Image
guerkei Briq.N,W,CN,C,WDescription, Image
hockii De Wild. N,ELp,Mc
kapatensis (R.E. Fr.) J.K. MortonB,N,W,C,SCb,Lp,N,Mc,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
lasianthus (Gürke) VollesenN,C,SN,Mc,Lk,SDescription, Image
laxiflorus Benth.SSDescription, Image
malawiensis B. Mathew [NrEnd]EMcDescription
masukensis Baker var. masukensis NN
megacalyx A.J. Paton EMc
melleri Baker NN
mirabilis (Briq.) Launert B,NLp,N,WDescription, Image
modestus Baker N,WNw,N
montanus Benth. SS
neochilus Schltr.CLkDescription, Image
parvus Oliv. NN
pauciflorus Baker W,CCb,Lk
penicillatus A.J. Paton EE
pulcherissimus A.J. Paton N,WNw,N
rotundifolius (Poir.) Spreng. WNw
schizophyllus Baker
selukwensis N.E.Br. N,CLp,N,Mc,CImage
shirensis (Gürke) A.J. PatonN,C,EN,E,LkDescription, Image
sigmoideus A.J. Paton N,WNw,N
sylvestris Gürke EMc
tenuicaulis (Hook. f.) J.K. Morton B,WNw
termiticola A.J. Paton SS
tetragonus GürkeB,W,C,E,SC,Lk
thyrsoideus (Baker) B. MathewN,W,CCb,N,Mc,CDescription, Image
viphyensis Brummitt & Seyani subsp. viphyensis N,C,EN,E,C
viphyensis Brummitt & Seyani subsp. zebrarum (Brummitt & Seyani) A.J.Paton [NrEnd]EMcDescription

Other sources of information about Plectranthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Plectranthus
Flora of Caprivi: Plectranthus
Flora of Malawi: Plectranthus
Flora of Mozambique: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Plectranthus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Plectranthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Plectranthus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1231, retrieved 21 April 2018

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