7366.000 Ocimum L.


Description of the genus

Herbs or soft small shrubs. Leaves opposite, simple, petiolate. Inflorescence a terminal spike-like raceme. Flowers in 6-flowered whorls, bracts much smaller than the leaves. Calyx 2-lipped, 5-toothed, tube short, upper tooth much larger than the rest, broadly ovate to subrotund, 2 lateral teeth small, subulate, 2 lower teeth fused, forming an oblong emarginate or 2-toothed lip. Corolla 2-lipped, mauve to whitish, upper lip 4-lobed with ± equal lobes, lower lip spreading, concave. Stamens 4, shortly exserted. Style exserted, 2-lobed.

The definition of this genus is not clear to us after the merging with Becium. This description is therefore provisional

Worldwide: 150 species in warm temperate and tropical regions, especially Africa

Zambia: 22 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
africanum Lour.B,N,W,C,SCb,Lp,Lk,W
albostellatum (Verdc.) A.J.Paton N,WCb,N
americanum L.B,N,C,SN,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
americanum / africanum [Agg]B,N,W,C,SDescription, Image
angustifolium Benth.B,C,E,SE,Lk,SDescription, Image
basilicum L. E
centraliafricanum R.E. Fr.B,N,W,CNw,Cb,Lp,N,C,Lk,WDescription
dambicola A.J.Paton NN
decumbens Gürke N,W,CNw,N,C
filamentosum Forssk.E,SDescription, Image
fimbriatum Briq. var. fimbriatum B,N,W,ENw,Cb,N,Mc
fimbriatum Briq. var. angustilanceolatum (De Wild.) A.J.Paton NLp
fimbriatum Briq. var. ctenodon (Gilli) A.J.Paton WNw
fimbriatum Briq. var. microphyllum (Sebald) A.J.Paton NN
gratissimum L. subsp. gratissimum var. gratissimum B,N,W,C,SNw,N,C,S,WDescription, Image
lamiifolium Benth. WCbImage
minutiflorum (Sebald) A.J. PatonNN
obovatum Benth. subsp. obovatum var. obovatum B,N,W,C,E,SCb,N,Mc,C,S,WDescription, Image
obovatum Benth. subsp. obovatum var. galpinii (Gürke) A.J. PatonEMc
tenuiflorum L. W
vanderystii (De Wild.) A.J.Paton WCb
viphyense (Sebald) A.J.Paton NN

Other sources of information about Ocimum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ocimum
Flora of Caprivi: Ocimum
Flora of Malawi: Ocimum
Flora of Mozambique: Ocimum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ocimum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ocimum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ocimum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ocimum
Wikipedia: Ocimum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ocimum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ocimum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Ocimum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1242, retrieved 8 February 2023

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