832.010 Syngonanthus Ruhland

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennial herbs, usually hairy, the hairs often glandular. Leaves in a basal rosette, woolly in the axils. Involucral bracts in several series. Floral bracts 0. Receptacle woolly with long hairs surrounding the flowers. Flowers 3-merous. Petals usually eglandular. Male flowers: sepals connate below the middle into a tube with free lobes; petals completely connate into a membranous tube; stamens 3, as many as the petals; anthers white or yellowish. Female flowers: sepals free; petals connate in the middle, the bases and tips free; ovary with 3 carpels; style 3-branched at the tip, the branches usually alternating with 3 swollen-tipped glandular appendages. Seeds ellipsoid to cylindric.

Worldwide: c. 200 species, mainly in South America; 14 species known from tropical and South Africa

Zambia: 10 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
angolensis H.Hess N,CN
exilis S.M. Phillips WNw
longibracteatus KimpouniN,C
mwinilungensis S.M. Phillips WNw
paleaceus S.M. Phillips NLp
poggeanus RuhlandB,N,WNw,W
robinsonii Moldenke NN
wahlbergii (Wikstr. ex Körn.) Ruhland var. wahlbergii B,N,C,SC
wahlbergii (Wikstr. ex Körn.) Ruhland var. sinkabolensis S.M. PhillipsWNw
welwitschii (Rendle) RuhlandB,NNw,LpDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Syngonanthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Syngonanthus
Flora of Malawi: Syngonanthus
Flora of Mozambique: Syngonanthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Syngonanthus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Syngonanthus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Syngonanthus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Syngonanthus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Syngonanthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Syngonanthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Syngonanthus
JSTOR Plant Science: Syngonanthus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Syngonanthus
Plants of the World Online: Syngonanthus
Tropicos: Syngonanthus
Wikipedia: Syngonanthus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Syngonanthus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=314, retrieved 5 March 2024

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