964.000 Littonia Hook.

La Croix, I. (2009) Colchicaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2)

Description of the genus

Climbing perennial herbs. Tuber lobed. Leaves cauline, alternate above, often whorled below, sessile; apex attenuate into a recurved tendril or aristate. Flowers solitary in leaf axils. Perianth of 6, free almost to base, equal, orange-yellow, segments, slightly saccate at base. Ovary 3-locular with many ovules; style straight with 3 branches. Capsule ovoid, 3-valved, septicidally dehiscent. Seeds spherical, red, on long funicles.

Derivation of name: after Dr Samuel Litton (1781-1847), Professor of Botany at Dublin

Comment: Description: Stem erect or scandent, unbranched. Leaves sessile, the lower ones opposite, alternate or in whorls of 3; upper ones alternate, linear to ovate, sometimes with an apical tendril. Flowers axillary, pedicellate, nodding. Perianth bell-shaped, yellow, orange or greenish. Style continuing line of main axis of ovary (compare Gloriosa). Capsule septicidal, ovoid-oblong; seeds globose with fleshy outer coat.

Worldwide: 5 species from tropical Arabia and NE Africa south to South Africa

Zambia: 2 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
lindenii Baker N,W,CNw,Cb,Lp,N,CDescription, Image
littonioides (Welw. ex Baker) K.KrauseN,W,CCb,Lp,N,E,C,Lk,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Littonia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Littonia
Flora of Mozambique: Littonia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Littonia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Littonia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Littonia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Littonia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Littonia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Littonia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Littonia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Littonia
JSTOR Plant Science: Littonia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Littonia
Plants of the World Online: Littonia
Tropicos: Littonia
Wikipedia: Littonia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Littonia.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=327, retrieved 23 September 2023

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