1151.000 Smilax L.

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Climbing shrubs, less often sub-erect or herbs, usually with short thick rhizomes; stems and branches usually prickly. Leaves often with tendrils; lamina usually ovate to lanceolate; main veins 3-7, connected by a network of cross veins; petiole usually narrowly winged proximally, with an abscission zone between winged portion and apex. Inflorescence borne in axil of leaf or scale-like bract, consisting of 1(-3) umbels, or panicles, racemes, or spikes of umbels; peduncle sometimes with a scale-like prophyll at base. Flowers small; tepals 6, usually free, rarely connate. Fruit a berry, red to black, usually 1- or 2-seeded. Seeds dark brown.

Worldwide: 300 species in tropical and temperate areas

Zambia: 2 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
anceps Willd.B,N,W,CNw,N,Mc,C,S,WDescription, Image
aspera L.EMc

Other sources of information about Smilax:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Smilax
Flora of Malawi: Smilax
Flora of Mozambique: Smilax
Flora of Zimbabwe: Smilax

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Smilax
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Smilax
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Smilax
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Smilax
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Smilax
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Smilax
JSTOR Plant Science: Smilax
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Smilax
Plants of the World Online: Smilax
Tropicos: Smilax
Wikipedia: Smilax

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Smilax.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=361, retrieved 25 June 2024

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