1265.000 Moraea Mill.


Description of the genus

Perennial herbs, dying back each year, with corms. Foliage leaves 1-several. Inflorescence composed of rhipidia; rhipidia 1 per branch or crowded terminally, each enclosed in a pair of spathes. Flowers actinomorphic, Iris-like, usually blue or yellow. Ovary long-pedicellate. Style divided into 3 flat petaloid branches, these apically forked into 2 crests; stigma transverse and abaxial below base of crests. Anthers appressed to the style branches. Fruit a capsule.

Derivation of name: (originally Morea) named after Robert More, Esquire of Shropshire, botanist and natural historian, who was a contemporary of Miller and Linnaeus. The name was altered by Linnaeus into Moraea, presumably in honour of Linaeus's father-in-law Johan Moraeus,

Worldwide: 120 species in tropical and South Africa

Zambia: 11 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
bella HarmsN,C,EN,E,LkDescription, Image
brevifolia Goldblatt [End][LR-lc]N,WNw,NDescription, Image
carsonii BakerN,W,CCb,N,LkDescription, Image
clavata R.C.Foster W,CNw,C
macrantha Baker EMcDescription, Image
natalensis BakerN,W,C,SNw,N,Lk,SDescription, Image
schimperi (Hochst.) Pic.Serm.N,W,C,ENw,N,Mc,CDescription, Image
stricta BakerN,EN,McDescription, Image
textilis Baker WNw
ventricosa Baker N,WCb,N
verdickii De Wild.N,WNw,NDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Moraea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Moraea
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Moraea
Flora of Malawi: Moraea
Flora of Mozambique: Moraea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Moraea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Moraea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Moraea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Moraea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Moraea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Moraea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Moraea
JSTOR Plant Science: Moraea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Moraea
Plants of the World Online: Moraea
Tropicos: Moraea
Wikipedia: Moraea

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Moraea.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=380, retrieved 1 March 2024

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