2074.060 Erianthemum Tiegh.

Description of the genus

Hemiparasitic shrubs with hairs stellate and dendritic. Leaves opposite, subopposite or partly alternate. Flowers few, sessile in heads; bract ovate to subcircular. Calyx cup-shaped to tubular, ± entire to shortly toothed. Corolla opening radially, joined to less than halfway, 5-lobed, mostly yellow to green, silky-villous or at least hairy on the buds; tube constricted above a basal swelling; lobes spreading-reflexed from below middle. Filaments inserted well up the corolla lobes, elongate, generally articulated and often breaking off near the middle. Berry with persistent calyx, urceolate, orange, reddish or blue-green. Seeds orange to red.

Derivation of name: from Greek: erion meaning wool and anthemon, flower, referring to the woolly appearance of the flowers.

Worldwide: 16 species in eastern and southern Africa, from Ethiopia to the Cape.

Zambia: 7 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
dregei (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Tiegh.W,CNw,LkDescription, Image
lanatum Wiens & Polhill N,C
ngamicum (Sprague) DanserSSDescription, Image
nyikense (Sprague) DanserLpImage
schelei (Engl.) Tiegh.E
taborense (Engl.) Tiegh.N,E
virescens (N.E. Br.) Balle ex Wiens & PolhillE,Lk,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Erianthemum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Erianthemum
Flora of Caprivi: Erianthemum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Erianthemum
Flora of Malawi: Erianthemum
Flora of Mozambique: Erianthemum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erianthemum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erianthemum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erianthemum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erianthemum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erianthemum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Erianthemum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erianthemum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erianthemum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erianthemum
Plants of the World Online: Erianthemum
Tropicos: Erianthemum
Wikipedia: Erianthemum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Erianthemum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=492, retrieved 18 July 2024

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