Location: Mtoroshanga Pass, Great Dyke

Image 1

Photo: Bart Wursten
View of serpentine grassland of Gt Dyke

Image 2

Photo: Bart Wursten
Two endemic species of the Gt Dyke: Ozoroa longipetiolata (left) and Euphorbia wildii (right).

General Information

Quarter degree square: 1730B1

Country: Zimbabwe

Habitat: Serpentine grasslands on the northern Great Dyke.

Altitude range: c.1520 m

Annual rainfall:

Location (short):

Location (detailed):


The Great Dyke is a range of hills running north-south, almost perfectly dividing Zimbawe in two. The whole range is botanically unique, due to the mineral rich soils, particularly serpentine and chromium. It is the second most important area of endemism, after Chimanimani, with the northern Great Dyke, showing a marked botanical difference to the southern part. The Mutorashanga Pass crosses the northern Great Dyke through an area of relatively little disturbance, caused by small mining operations. The large number of endemics are all plants adapted to the otherwise hostile serpentine soils. Although very much restricted to this habitat, many, such as Ozoroa longipetiolata (Anacardiaceae), Euphorbia wildii (Euphorbiaceae) and Indigofera serpentinicola (Fabaceae), are common where they occur.

Useful links

View a list of records for Mtoroshanga Pass, Great Dyke

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Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Location details: Mtoroshanga Pass, Great Dyke.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/location-display.php?location_id=55, retrieved 24 April 2024

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