Lycopodium clavatum L.

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Lycopodium clavatum

Picture: Petra Ballings
Vumba, forest Edge

Lycopodium clavatum

Picture: Petra Ballings
Vumba, forest Edge

Lycopodium clavatum

Picture: Petra Ballings
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Lycopodium clavatum

Picture: Petra Ballings
Stream below Silvermist cottage, Troutback

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Synonyms: var. inflexum (P. Beauv.) Spring
Lepidotis clavata (L.) P. Beauv.
Lepidotis inflexa P. Beauv.
Lycopodium ciliatum (P.Beauv.) Sw.
Lycopodium inflexum (P. Beauv.) Sw
Common names:
Status: Native
Main stem branched, creeping, giving rise to erect, unequally dichotomously branched, secondary stems. Foliage leaves set at right angles to branches, with tip bent forwards, lanceolate, 3-5 × 0.3-0.6 mm, margins entire, apex with a fine hair-like point up to 3 mm. Fertile parts arranged in strobili; strobili 2-5, borne on a slender, sparsely leaved, branched peduncle up to 22 cm long. Sporophylls broadly ovate,up to 3 × 2 mm, margins finely lacerate.
Type location:
Notes: Easy to recognize by its branched erect stems arising from a creeping stem.
Derivation of specific name: clavatum: club-shaped, referring to the shape of the stalked strobilus.
Habitat: Forest margins, streambanks in montane areas and in full sun along road embankments.
Altitude range: 500 - 2187 m
Worldwide distribution: Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Eswatini, Zambia, Zimbabwe, tropical African mountains. Also Madagascar, Mascarene Islands and in temperate climates throughout most of the world.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 18 - 19. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 80.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 36. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 38 - 39. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 12.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 140 - 141. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 29 - 30.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 21 - 22.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 18 - 19.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 20 - 21.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 79.

Other sources of information about Lycopodium clavatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Lycopodium clavatum
Flora of Malawi: Lycopodium clavatum
Flora of Mozambique: Lycopodium clavatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lycopodium clavatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lycopodium clavatum
African Plant Database: Lycopodium clavatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lycopodium clavatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lycopodium clavatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lycopodium clavatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lycopodium clavatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lycopodium clavatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Lycopodium clavatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lycopodium clavatum
Plants of the World Online: Lycopodium clavatum
Tropicos: Lycopodium clavatum
Wikipedia: Lycopodium clavatum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Lycopodium clavatum., retrieved 23 May 2024

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