Cheilanthes buchananii (Baker) Domin

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Cheilanthes buchananii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Corner, Chimanimani

Cheilanthes buchananii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Northern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Cheilanthes buchananii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Northern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Cheilanthes buchananii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Northern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Cheilanthes buchananii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Northern slopes below Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Cheilanthes buchananii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Opposite slope above valley below Mt Pheza, Chimanimani Mts

Cheilanthes buchananii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Opposite slope above valley below Mt Pheza, Chimanimani Mts

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Synonyms: Cheilanthes buchananii (Baker) Domin
Cheilanthes inaequalis (Kunze) Mett. var. buchananii (Baker) Schelpe
Notholaena bipinnata (Sim) Sim
Notholaena buchananii Baker
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome shortly creeping to suberect, c. 5 mm in diameter; rhizome scales narrowly lanceolate to linear in outline, margin entire, up to 2 cm long, rust-coloured. Fronds erect, tufted, herbaceous to coriaceous, shriveling up during the dry winter months. Stipe dark brown to black, up to 12(16) cm long, with short, fine white hairs and with scales similar to those of the rhizome at the base. Lamina ovate to lanceolate in outline, up to 22 cm × 11 cm, deeply 2-pinnatifid to 3-pinnatifid on the basal pinnae which are not reduced in size. Pinnae upper surface sparsely set with stiff hairs, lower surface sparsely covered with long, soft white hairs, turning reddish-brown with age, margins entire to lobed. Rhachis dark brown. Sori marginal, discrete at first but continuous when mature; indusium continuous or discontinuous.
Type location:
Notes: The lower surface of the lamina of C. inaequalis var. inaequalis is densely covered with short hairs.
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after Rev. John Buchanan (1821-1903), a Presbyterian clergyman who collected plants in KwaZula-Natal.
Habitat: Moist sheltered and shaded sites in rocky areas, occasionally also in deep shade of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 1280 - 1950 m
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 128 - 129. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8. As Cheilanthes inaequalis buchananii

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 340 - 341. As C. buchananii (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 257 - 259. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 50.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 63 - 64.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 182.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 126 - 127. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Other sources of information about Cheilanthes buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cheilanthes buchananii
Flora of Mozambique: Cheilanthes buchananii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cheilanthes buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cheilanthes buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cheilanthes buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cheilanthes buchananii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cheilanthes buchananii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cheilanthes buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cheilanthes buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cheilanthes buchananii
iNaturalist: Cheilanthes buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cheilanthes buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Cheilanthes buchananii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cheilanthes buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cheilanthes buchananii
Plants of the World Online: Cheilanthes buchananii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cheilanthes buchananii
Tropicos: Cheilanthes buchananii
Wikipedia: Cheilanthes buchananii


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cheilanthes buchananii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100780, retrieved 18 August 2019

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