Cheilanthes schimperi Kunze

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Cheilanthes schimperi

Picture: Petra Ballings
Kopje tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Cheilanthes schimperi

Picture: Petra Ballings
Kopje tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Cheilanthes schimperi

Picture: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank.

Cheilanthes schimperi

Picture: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank.

Cheilanthes schimperi

Picture: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank.

Cheilanthes schimperi

Picture: Petra Ballings
Nyahokwe, Nyanga

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Aspidotis schimperi (Kunze) Pic.Serm.
Hypolepis schimperi (Kunze) Hook.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping, c.5 mm in diameter, with many roots; rhizome scales brown, narrow, margin entire, apex hairpointed. Fronds closely spaced, erect, subcoracious. Stipe dark brown to almost black, up to 28 cm long, hairless but with a few brown hairs scales at base when young. Lamina 6-17 cm × 7-19 cm, roughly hexagonal to broadly triangular in outline, 4-pinnatifid to 5-pinnatifid on the lower basiscopically developed pinnae. Ultimate segments linear, narrow, c. 10 mm long, adnate and decurrent, with spaced, sharply, finely toothed margins, hairless on both surfaces. Rhachis and secondary rhachis dark brown. Sori very small, in the sinuses of the teeth of the ultimate segments; indusium small, membranous, formed from the inrolled margin.
Type location:
Notes: Could be confused with C. multifida which does not have toothed margins or very long basal pinnae.
Derivation of specific name: schimperi: named after W.P. Schimper (1804-1878), German bryologist and plant collector in North africa and Arabia.
Habitat: On rocky slopes, in gullies and beds of seasonal rivulets, in deciduous miombo woodland.
Altitude range: 700 - 1740 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Cameroon, DRC, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 126 - 127. As Aspidotis schimperi (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 87.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 40. as Aspidotis schimperi (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 14.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 233 - 234. As Aspidotis schimperi (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 52 - 53. As Aspidotis schimperi

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 66.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 185.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 113 - 115. As Aspidotis schimperi (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cheilanthes schimperi:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cheilanthes schimperi
Flora of Mozambique: Cheilanthes schimperi
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cheilanthes schimperi

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cheilanthes schimperi
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cheilanthes schimperi
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cheilanthes schimperi
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cheilanthes schimperi
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cheilanthes schimperi
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cheilanthes schimperi
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cheilanthes schimperi
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cheilanthes schimperi
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cheilanthes schimperi
Ispot Southern Africa: Cheilanthes schimperi
JSTOR Plant Science: Cheilanthes schimperi
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cheilanthes schimperi
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cheilanthes schimperi
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cheilanthes schimperi
Tropicos: Cheilanthes schimperi


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cheilanthes schimperi.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100840, retrieved 20 May 2019

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