Pellaea longipilosa Bonap.

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Pellaea longipilosa

Picture: Petra Ballings

Pellaea longipilosa

Picture: Petra Ballings

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Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome shortly creeping to sub-erect, up to 8 mm in diameter; rhizome scales pale brown, subentire, linear, 4-5 mm long. Fronds tufted, erect, coriaceous. Stipe brown to black, up to 20 cm long, glabrous with age and with pale brown scales near the base similar to those on the rhizome. Lamina narrowly oblong to lanceolate in outline, up to 39 cm × 12 cm, imparipinnate to 2-pinnate in the lower parst, with up to 20 pairs of pinnae. Pinnae narrowly ovate to linear in outline, up to 6.5 cm long, slowly tapering to a somewhat rounded apex, cordate base articulated to a short petiole, glabrous above, sparsely hairy or glabrous below, veins hardly visible and free. Rhachis and secondary rhachises brown to black, with a brown indumentum becoming glabrous with age. Sori marginal, continuous; indusium entire, membranous, continuous.
Type location:
Notes: Could be mistaken for P. dura or P. doniana. P. dura has anastomosing veins, a more slender stipe and less hairs on stipe and rhachis. P. doniana is never 2-pinnate.
Derivation of specific name: longipilosa: with long hairs, referring to the indumentum on the upper side of the rhachis (Jacobsen 1983); misleading allusion to the short brown hairs along stipe and rhachis (Burrows 1990)
Habitat: Open miombo woodland on dry and rocky slopes and ridges, on skeletal soils in light shade of deciduous trees and grasses.
Altitude range: 660 - 1650 m
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,C,Lk
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 170 - 172. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 88.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 273. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 55 - 56.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 71 - 72.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 190.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 129 - 131. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Pellaea longipilosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pellaea longipilosa
Flora of Mozambique: Pellaea longipilosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pellaea longipilosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pellaea longipilosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pellaea longipilosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pellaea longipilosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pellaea longipilosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pellaea longipilosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pellaea longipilosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Pellaea longipilosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pellaea longipilosa
Plants of the World Online: Pellaea longipilosa
Tropicos: Pellaea longipilosa
Wikipedia: Pellaea longipilosa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pellaea longipilosa., retrieved 28 September 2023

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