Adiantum capillus-veneris L.

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Adiantum capillus-veneris

Picture: Petra Ballings
Tingwa River, near Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Picture: Petra Ballings
Tingwa River, near Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Picture: Petra Ballings
Pokoteke gorge, near Masvingo

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Picture: Petra Ballings
Pokoteke gorge, near Masvingo

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Picture: Petra Ballings
Pokoteke gorge, near Masvingo

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Picture: Petra Ballings
Pokoteke gorge, near Masvingo

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Picture: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Picture: Petra Ballings
Mount Mberengwa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adiantum capillus-veneris L. var. pinnata Bonap.
Adiantum coriandrifolium Lam.
Adiantum marginatum Schrad.
Adiantum paradisea Baker
Adiantum pseudocapillus Fée
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping, 2-8 mm in diameter; rhizome scales brown, awl-shaped. Fronds closely spaced, herbaceous, glabrous, erect or arching. Stipe up to 25 cm long, thin, wiry, dark brown to black, shining, glabrous. Lamina 2-3 pinnate, pinnate near the apex, triangular to ovate-deltate in outline, 20 × 18 cm. Rhachis and stalks black, shiny, glabrous. Pinnules persistent, 1-2.7 × 0.5-2 cm, wedge-shaped with straight sides, entire to deeply incised on the outer margin into narrow lobes. Lobes with outer margin minutely toothed, veins ending in the marginal serrations. Sori 2-5 beneath pinnule lobes on the undersurface of deflexed, membranous, oblong or slightly curved pale brown, glabrous indusial flaps.
Type location:
Notes: Can be distinguished from other species (A. poiretii) by having persistent pinnules, oblong or lunulate sori and veins of the pinnules that end in the teeth of the serrations of the outer margins.
Derivation of specific name: capillus-veneris: hair of venus
Habitat: Terrestrial or lithophytic, on moist cliff faces, on boulders and along streams or moist ditches, in low-altitude woodland or medium-altitude riverine forest, exposed or shaded. Very occasional epiphytic on trees in spray of waterfalls.
Altitude range: 770 - 1360 m
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, with the exception of West Africa. Throughout tropical, sub-tropical and warmer-temperate regions in the rest of the world.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 123. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 86.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 430 - 431. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 13.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 228 - 230. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 62.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 74.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 68 - 69.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 112. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 15.

Other sources of information about Adiantum capillus-veneris:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Adiantum capillus-veneris
Flora of Malawi: Adiantum capillus-veneris
Flora of Mozambique: Adiantum capillus-veneris
Flora of Zimbabwe: Adiantum capillus-veneris

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adiantum capillus-veneris
African Plant Database: Adiantum capillus-veneris
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adiantum capillus-veneris
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adiantum capillus-veneris
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Adiantum capillus-veneris
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Adiantum capillus-veneris
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adiantum capillus-veneris
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Adiantum capillus-veneris
iNaturalist: Adiantum capillus-veneris
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adiantum capillus-veneris
JSTOR Plant Science: Adiantum capillus-veneris
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Adiantum capillus-veneris
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adiantum capillus-veneris
Plants of the World Online: Adiantum capillus-veneris
The Plant List (version 1.1): Adiantum capillus-veneris
Tropicos: Adiantum capillus-veneris
Wikipedia: Adiantum capillus-veneris


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Adiantum capillus-veneris.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100980, retrieved 17 September 2019

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