Dryopteris kilemensis (Kuhn) Kuntze

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Dryopteris kilemensis

Picture: Petra Ballings

Dryopteris kilemensis

Picture: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Aspidium kilemense Kuhn
Aspidium lastii (Baker) Hieron.
Dryopteris lastii (Baker) C.Chr.
Nephrodium kilemense (Kuhn) Baker
Nephrodium lastii Baker
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome creeping, becoming erect at the growing tip, up to 10 mm in diameter; rhizome scales pale brown, narrowly lanceolate, up to 25 mm long, entire. Fronds tufted, arching, herbaceous. Stipe up to 120 cm long, pale brown, subglabrous, with brown, ovate scales near the base. Lamina up to 1.2 × 0.8 m, ovate to triangular in outline, 4-pinnatifid to 4-pinnate on the basiscopically developed basal pinnae. Pinnules ovate to oblong, deeply pinnatifid into oblong, rounded ultimate lobes with serrate margins. Rhachis pale brown, glabrous; costae and costules with a few small ovate scales. Sori round, c. 1 mm in diameter; indusia round, membranous, entire.
Type location:
Notes: Can be seperated from other species by its broader and more finely dissected frond, smaller pinnules and ovate scales on the costules.
Derivation of specific name: kilemensis: Kilema; type locality in Tanzania.
Habitat: Deeply shaded forest floors amongst undergrowth in evergreen swamp forest or montane forest.
Altitude range: 1160 - 1400 m
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, Cameroon, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, also Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 303 - 304. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 98.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 28.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 10.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 25.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 438 - 439. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 109.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 124. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 122.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 222 - 223.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Dryopteris kilemensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Dryopteris kilemensis
Flora of Mozambique: Dryopteris kilemensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dryopteris kilemensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dryopteris kilemensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dryopteris kilemensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dryopteris kilemensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dryopteris kilemensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dryopteris kilemensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dryopteris kilemensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Dryopteris kilemensis
iNaturalist: Dryopteris kilemensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dryopteris kilemensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Dryopteris kilemensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dryopteris kilemensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dryopteris kilemensis
Plants of the World Online: Dryopteris kilemensis
Tropicos: Dryopteris kilemensis
Wikipedia: Dryopteris kilemensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Dryopteris kilemensis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101850, retrieved 6 December 2022

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