Elaphoglossum lancifolium (Desv.) C.V. Morton

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Elaphoglossum lancifolium

Riverine montane forest
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Elaphoglossum lancifolium

Riverine montane forest
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Acrostichum lancifolium Desv.
Acrostichum salicifolium Willd. ex Kaulf.
Elaphoglossum convolutum Chiov.
Elaphoglossum lineare sensu Sim
Elaphoglossum petiolatum (Sw.) Urb. subsp. salicifolium (Willd. ex Kaulf.) Schelpe
Elaphoglossum salicifolium (Willd. ex Kaulf.) Alston
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome creeping, c. 5 mm thick; rhizome scales dark brown, entire, attenuate. Fronds closely spaced to tufted, erect or arching, herbaceous to thinly coracious, simple, dimorphous. Sterile frond: stipe 8-13 cm long, stramineous to pale brown, articulated, at first densely covered with brown, ciliate, narrowly lanceolate scales; lamina up to 12-28 × 0.9-1.8 cm, linear-lanceolate in outline, apex pointed, base shortly tapering, margin inrolled, thinly covered on both surfaces with long, ciliate, deciduous scales, and some more persistent scales along the upper surface of the midrib. Fertile frond: stipe as for sterile but 9-20 cm long; lamina up to 18 × 0.6 cm, linear, apex pointed, base wedge-shaped, sporangia covering the whole undersurface of the lamina.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Low-level epiphyte or lithophyte, growing in shade of low-altitude riverine forest or woodland.
Altitude range: 1040 - 1600 m
Worldwide distribution: From west tropical Africa to DRC, Rwanda, Tanzania and downwards to Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Also Seychelles, Comoro isl., Mauritius, Réunion and Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,N,Mc,C
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 July 2023

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 286 - 288. As Elaphoglossum petiolatum subsp. salicifolium (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 97.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 34. as Elaphoglossum salicifolium (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23. As Elaphoglossum petiolatum salicifolium

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11. As Elaphoglossum salicifolium

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 423 - 424. As Elaphoglossum petiolatum subsp. salicifolium (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 110. As Elaphoglossum petiolatum subsp. salicifolium

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7. As Elaphoglossum salicifolium

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 151. As Elaphoglossum salicifolium

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 129.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 215. As Elaphoglossum subsp. salicifolium

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 79.

Other sources of information about Elaphoglossum lancifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Flora of Mozambique: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Elaphoglossum lancifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Plants of the World Online: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Tropicos: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Wikipedia: Elaphoglossum lancifolium

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Elaphoglossum lancifolium.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102220, retrieved 19 July 2024

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