Asplenium friesiorum C. Chr.

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Asplenium friesiorum

Picture: Petra Ballings

Asplenium friesiorum

Picture: Petra Ballings

Asplenium friesiorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Asplenium friesiorum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Woodlands Rd. Naro Muro store, Vumba

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Synonyms: Asplenium caudatum G.Forst. var. reflexum Bonap.
Asplenium monilisorum Domin
Asplenium serra Langsd. & Fisch. var. natalensis Baker
Asplenium serra sensu Sim.
Common names:
Rhizome widely creeping, branched; scales shiny brown, up to 4 mm, entire. Fronds widely spaced, not proliferous, pendent. Stipe up to 70 cm, dark brown, sparsely set with brown scales becoming glabrous with age. Lamina up to c. 1m long and c. 25 cm wide, pinnate to 2-pinnatifid, narrowly oblong to lanceolate in outline. Pinnae up to 13 × 1.5 cm, linear-lanceolate, hairless, margins incised, incisions 1/3 to 2/3 of the way towards the midrib into toothed lobes, base unequally cuneate, apex tapering to a fine extended apex. Sori linear, set almost continuous in two lines along the midrib, indusium entire.
Type location:
Notes: Differs from similar species by not having proliferous fronds, the rhizome is widely creeping and the sori are set in the same line along the midrib.
Derivation of specific name: friesiorum: probably named after R.E. Fries (1876-1966), a Swedish botanist who joined the Swedish Rhodesia-Congo Exp. (1911-1912)
Habitat: Deep shade in moist evergreen forest, among boulders in montane grassveld. Terrestrial or lithophytic.
Altitude range: 1690 - 1800 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Bioko, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Soa Tomé, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascan region
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 232 - 233. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 93.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 25.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 622 - 623. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 25.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 353 - 354. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 99 - 100.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 164.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 85 - 86.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 178 - 179.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Asplenium friesiorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Asplenium friesiorum
Flora of Malawi: Asplenium friesiorum
Flora of Mozambique: Asplenium friesiorum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Asplenium friesiorum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium friesiorum
African Plant Database: Asplenium friesiorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asplenium friesiorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium friesiorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asplenium friesiorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Asplenium friesiorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium friesiorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium friesiorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium friesiorum
Plants of the World Online: Asplenium friesiorum
Tropicos: Asplenium friesiorum
Wikipedia: Asplenium friesiorum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Asplenium friesiorum., retrieved 18 July 2024

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