Schoenoplectus senegalensis (Hochst. ex Steud.) Palla ex J. Raynal

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Schoenoplectus senegalensis

Kafue Fisheries
Apr 1993
Photo: Mike Bingham

Schoenoplectus senegalensis

Lazy-J Farm
Mar 1993
Photo: Mike Bingham

Schoenoplectus senegalensis

Lazy-J Farm
Mar 1993
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Isolepis senegalensis Steud.
Schoenoplectiella senegalensis (Steud.) Lye
Scirpus jacobi (C.E.C. Fisch.)Lye
Scirpus jacobi C.E.C.Fischer
Scirpus praelongatus auct.
Scirpus praelongatus Poir.
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual or short-lived perennial with shallow root system; stems many, tufted, bright green, 1-30 cm long, topped by an erect inflorescence bract 5-30 cm long. Leaves absent; leaf sheaths pale brown ending in an acute triangular lobe. Inflorescence a dense apparently lateral cluster of 1-25 sessile spikelets; main inflorescence bract stem-like. Perianth absent. Nutlet dark brown, obovoid, sharply 3-angled, strongly transversely wrinkled on the flat sides, but not on edges.
Type location:
Notes: “Limits between S. senegalensis and S. articulatus are not clearly defined.” Gordon-Gray.
Red data list status: Widespread: Least concern
Derivation of specific name: senegalensis: of Senegal
Habitat: Temporary pools, floodplains, gilgai depressions in self-tilling soils, weed in old rice fields
Altitude range: 200 - 1900 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and subtropical Africa, from Egypt to South Africa; India
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 27 July 2017

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Gordon-Gray, K.D. (1995). Cyperaceae in Natal Strelitzia 2 Pages 160 - 162. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 552. as Schoenoplectiella senegalensis (Includes a picture).

Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H.J. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 31 - 32. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 89.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 121.

Other sources of information about Schoenoplectus senegalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Schoenoplectus senegalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Schoenoplectus senegalensis
African Plant Database: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Schoenoplectus senegalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Schoenoplectus senegalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Schoenoplectus senegalensis
iNaturalist: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Schoenoplectus senegalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Plants of the World Online: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Tropicos: Schoenoplectus senegalensis
Wikipedia: Schoenoplectus senegalensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Schoenoplectus senegalensis., retrieved 27 June 2022

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