Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl.

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Raphia farinifera

Nyabutaye Dambo
feb 2000
Photo: Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Nyabutaye Dambo
feb 2000
Photo: Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Photo: Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Lusaka SE 13km.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Raphia
Photo Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Raphia fruit & nut
Lusaka SE 13km.
Photo Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Serenje craftmarket
Photo: Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Nyabutaye Dambo
Sep 2010
Photo: Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Fruits and nuts
Feb 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Raphia farinifera

Katanga Province, DRC
2009
Photo: Jos Stevens

Raphia farinifera

Katanga Province, DRC
Aug 2012
Photo: Jos Stevens

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Raphia ruffia (Jacq.) Mart.
Common names: Cibale (Bemba) Fibale (Bemba) Mulili (Lunda)
Frequency: Widespread
Status: Native
Description:
Large, stemless or short-stemmed palm tree. Leaves huge, up to 18 m, pinnate. Flowers unisexual in huge, branched inflorescences. Fruit oblong, with overlapping "polished', golden-brown scales.
Type location:
Notes: A tree grown from seed in Lusaka began flowering in its 19th year. Maturation of the nuts followed 4 years later and continued for another 3 years. Eventually the last of the leaves died, and a new sucker sprouted from the base of the dead stem.
Conservation status:Widespread but under threat from destructive exploitation and loss of habitat.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Peat dambos and on banks of perennial streams.
Altitude range: 400 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, D.R. Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe; throughout southern tropical Africa, Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,Lp,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 4 August 2016
Literature:

Bingham, M.G. (2007). The Raffia Palm. Black Lechwe 15(2) Pages 16 - 17. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 289. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 50. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 101.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Dransfield, J. (2010). Arecaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 43 - 45. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232.

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 162.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 46.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 12. As Raphia sp

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 107 - 108.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 81.

Other sources of information about Raphia farinifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Raphia farinifera
Flora of Mozambique: Raphia farinifera
Flora of Zimbabwe: Raphia farinifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Raphia farinifera
African Plant Database: Raphia farinifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Raphia farinifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphia farinifera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Raphia farinifera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Raphia farinifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Raphia farinifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Raphia farinifera
iNaturalist: Raphia farinifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphia farinifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphia farinifera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Raphia farinifera
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Raphia farinifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Raphia farinifera
Plants of the World Online: Raphia farinifera
The Plant List (version 1.1): Raphia farinifera
Tropicos: Raphia farinifera
Wikipedia: Raphia farinifera


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Raphia farinifera.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=111960, retrieved 18 September 2019

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