Chlorophytum cameronii (Baker) Kativu
var. pterocaulon (Baker) Nordal

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Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Luchindasi dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Luchindasi dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Luchindasi dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Anthericum buchananii Baker
Anthericum pterocaulon Welw. ex Baker
Anthericum speciosum Rendle
Anthericum zanguebaricum Baker
Chlorophytum pterocaulon (Baker) Kativu
Chlorophytum pterocaulon (Welw. ex Baker) Kativu
Chlorophytum zanguebaricum (Baker) Nordal
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Herb, up to 85 cm tall, growing from a short, horizontal, regularly constricted rhizome with fibrous remains of old leaf bases; roots slender and wiry with distant tubers; leaves 4 – 6 per plant in 2 rows, broadly linear, narrowed and sheathing below, attenuate above, 7 – 85 x 0.5 – 4.5 cm, glabrous with midribs prominent, leaf bases without reddish-brown stripes or spots; peduncle flat and narrowly winged above, up to 40 cm long, glabrous; inflorescence unbranched, up to 16 cm long, flowers sparsely arranged; floral bracts to 12 mm long, lanceolate; pedicles articulated below middle, 1 – 7 per node, c. 14 mm long in fruit; perianth whitish to pinkish; tepals 8-17 mm long, (3)5-7 veined; stamens slightly shorter than tepals, in two groups usually with 4 in upper and 2 in lower; filaments glabrous, shorter or about as long as anthers; style declinate, slightly exserted above stamen; capsule obovoid to shallow deltoid, transversely ridged, covered in remains of dry perianth; seeds irregularly folded, c. 1 mm across.
Type location:
Notes: var. cameronii has cataphylls and outer leaf-bases with reddish brown stripes/spots while var. pterocaulon does not.
Red Data list status: Widespread; not threatened
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open woodland and grassland, in seasonally wet areas and in swampy places.
Altitude range: 50 - 1600 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From Cameroon east to Somalia south to Angola across to Mozambique.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 5 April 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 287.

Kativu, S., Hoell, G., Bjorå, C. S. & Nordal, I. (2008). Anthericaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 44 - 45.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85. as Chlorophytum pterocaulon

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 40.

Other sources of information about Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon
Flora of Mozambique: Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chlorophytum cameronii
African Plant Database: Chlorophytum cameronii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chlorophytum cameronii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chlorophytum cameronii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chlorophytum cameronii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chlorophytum cameronii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chlorophytum cameronii
JSTOR Plant Science: Chlorophytum cameronii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chlorophytum cameronii
Plants of the World Online: Chlorophytum cameronii
Tropicos: Chlorophytum cameronii
Wikipedia: Chlorophytum cameronii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon., retrieved 3 December 2023

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