Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herb.

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Boophone disticha

inflorescence
Open miombo woodland
Lazy-J Ranch
Nov 2016
Photo: Nick Wightman

Boophone disticha

Flowers
Open miombo woodland
Lazy-J Ranch
Nov 2016
Photo: Nick Wightman

Boophone disticha

Infructescence
Open miombo woodland
Lusaka National Park
Dec 2016
Photo: Nick Wightman

Boophone disticha

Seed
Open miombo woodland
Lusaka National Park
Dec 2016
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Boophane disticha (L.f.) Herb.
Boophone toxicaria (L.f.) Herb.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Bulb up to 25 cm in diameter, the apex often emergent from the ground. Leaves up to 60 × 1.5-4 cm, greyish-green or glaucous, developing after the flowers. Scape 5-30 cm, with a spherical inflorescence of 50-100 (or more) flowers. Pedicels 3-8 cm at anthesis, elongating to 40 cm in fruit, angular. Flowers pink to dark purple; tube 0.5-2 cm, narrowly funnel-shaped, always shorter than segments; segments 2-3 × 0.2-0.4 cm, recurved towards apex. Capsule up to 3 cm, irregularly dehiscent.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: disticha: distichous or 2-ranked, referring to the fan of leaves all held in the same plane.
Habitat: Widespread in open woodland and grasslan
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in eastern and Southern Africa from Uganda and Kenya to South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Mc,C,Lk,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Brithys crini (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 2 July 2020
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 65. As Boophane disticha (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 200 - 201. as Anoiganthus luteus (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 287. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 119.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 237. (Includes a picture).

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Page 19. as Boophane disticha (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 8, plates 21, 22 & 23

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 112.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 115 - 116. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Boophone disticha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Boophone disticha
Flora of Malawi: Boophone disticha
Flora of Mozambique: Boophone disticha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Boophone disticha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Boophone disticha
African Plant Database: Boophone disticha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Boophone disticha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Boophone disticha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Boophone disticha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Boophone disticha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Boophone disticha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Boophone disticha
iNaturalist: Boophone disticha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Boophone disticha
JSTOR Plant Science: Boophone disticha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Boophone disticha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Boophone disticha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Boophone disticha
Plants of the World Online: Boophone disticha
Tropicos: Boophone disticha
Wikipedia: Boophone disticha


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Boophone disticha.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=114940, retrieved 3 December 2020

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