Crinum crassicaule Baker

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Crinum crassicaule

Livingstone-Zimba;
Nov 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Crinum crassicaule

Lusaka, cultivated from seed collected Mfuwe S`/Nsefu;
Oct 2007.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Crinum crassicaule

Mfuwe S road, in miombo woodland;
Dec 2004.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Crinum foetidum I. Verd.
Common names:
Frequency: Widespread
Status: Native
Description:
Leaves more than 7 mm wide, margins ciliate. Flowers generally more than 2 per umbel; zygomorphic, perianth tube curved at anthesis, the segments connivent into a funnel or bell, with a faint pink keel. Fruits dull green, tinged with red; seeds with a foetid smell, papillose, turning black when exposed to air.
Type location:
Botswana
Notes: Difficult to distinguish from C. aurantiacum when not in fruit. The two species are sympatric, also occupying similar habitats. The pink colouring of the midrib of the sepals is generally more conspicuous in C. aurantiacum, but this needs to be confirmed.
Derivation of specific name: crassicaule: thick-stemmed
Habitat: Disturbed areas on sandy soils.
Altitude range: 800 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 25 February 2015
Literature:

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 50. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84. as Crinum foetidum

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 24. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 112.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Page 126.

Other sources of information about Crinum crassicaule:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crinum crassicaule
Flora of Malawi: Crinum crassicaule
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crinum crassicaule

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crinum crassicaule
African Plant Database: Crinum crassicaule
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Crinum crassicaule
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crinum crassicaule
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crinum crassicaule
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crinum crassicaule
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crinum crassicaule
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crinum crassicaule
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crinum crassicaule
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crinum crassicaule
Ispot Southern Africa: Crinum crassicaule
JSTOR Plant Science: Crinum crassicaule
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crinum crassicaule
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Crinum crassicaule
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crinum crassicaule
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crinum crassicaule
Tropicos: Crinum crassicaule


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Crinum crassicaule.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=114980, retrieved 20 May 2019

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