Pancratium tenuifolium Hochst. ex A. Rich.

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Pancratium tenuifolium

Disturbed grassland area
Jul 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Pancratium chapmannii Harv.
Pancratium trianthum sensu auctt.
Common names:
Status: Native
Bulbous perennial. Leaves linear, up to 35 cm long, normally just starting to develop at flowering time. Flowers 1-2 on a lateral peduncle. Perianth lobes linear, white, up to 10 cm. Stamens held in a cup-shaped false corona, much shorter than the perianth lobes with 2 triangular lobes between the stamens. Fruit a spherical or cylindric capsule, c. 2.5 cm.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: tenuifolium: slender-leaved
Habitat: In seasonally wet sandy soils in dry deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1220 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa and South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 396. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 51. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 104.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 24. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 113.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of the Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 18(2) Page 155.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 108 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Pancratium tenuifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pancratium tenuifolium
Flora of Malawi: Pancratium tenuifolium
Flora of Mozambique: Pancratium tenuifolium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pancratium tenuifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pancratium tenuifolium
African Plant Database: Pancratium tenuifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pancratium tenuifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pancratium tenuifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pancratium tenuifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pancratium tenuifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pancratium tenuifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Pancratium tenuifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pancratium tenuifolium
Plants of the World Online: Pancratium tenuifolium
Tropicos: Pancratium tenuifolium
Wikipedia: Pancratium tenuifolium

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pancratium tenuifolium., retrieved 6 December 2023

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