Tulbaghia alliacea (L.f.) Thunb.

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Tulbaghia alliacea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

Tulbaghia alliacea

Picture: Bart Wursten
By Masvingo - Zvishavane road just before Mashava

Tulbaghia alliacea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR, Harare

Tulbaghia alliacea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Tulbaghia brachystemma Kunth
Tulbaghia campanulata N.E. Br.
Tulbaghia cernua Avé-Lall.
Tulbaghia inodora Gaertn.
Tulbaghia narcissiflora Salisb.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender perennial herb, up to 50 cm high. Leaves linear, 9-20 cm long. Peduncle 15-30 cm long. Involucral bracts broadly lanceolate, 1-2 cm long. Inflorescence 3-8-flowered on pedicels upto 3.5 cm long in fruit. Flowers with a tube up to 7 mm long; perianth lobes, green often tinged purple,spreading to somewhat reflexed. Corona slightly broader than perianth tube,obscurely 3-6-crenate, orange-to orange-brown, 2-3 mm long. Capsule obcordate, up to 8 mm long.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes: See Tulbaghia leucantha for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: alliacea: Allium-like, smelling strongly of onions.
Habitat: In a wide range of grassland or woodland habitats.
Altitude range: 1000 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Oct-Jan
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Lesotho, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Northern Cape South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 24 September 2018

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36.

Kativu, S. (2002). Alliaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 18(1) Page 74.

Kativu, S. (2008). Alliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 92 - 93.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 104.

Other sources of information about Tulbaghia alliacea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tulbaghia alliacea
Flora of Mozambique: Tulbaghia alliacea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tulbaghia alliacea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tulbaghia alliacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tulbaghia alliacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tulbaghia alliacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tulbaghia alliacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tulbaghia alliacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tulbaghia alliacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Tulbaghia alliacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tulbaghia alliacea
Plants of the World Online: Tulbaghia alliacea
Tropicos: Tulbaghia alliacea
Wikipedia: Tulbaghia alliacea

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Tulbaghia alliacea.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=115160, retrieved 27 February 2024

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