Curculigo pilosa (Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl.

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Curculigo pilosa

Open miombo woodland
Ntumba area
Okt 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Curculigo pilosa

Open miombo woodland
Ntumba area
Okt 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Curculigo gallabatensis Schweinf. ex Baker
Curculigo gallabatensis Schweinf. ex Baker var. major Baker
Curculigo minor Guinea
Curculigo pilosa (Schumach & Thonn.) Engl. subsp. minor (Guinea) Wiland
Curculigo pilosa (Schumach & Thonn.) Engl. subsp. major (Baker) Wiland
Gethyllis pilosa Schumach. & Thonn.
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb up to 45 cm high, growing from a vertical cylindrical rhizome, up to 9.5 cm long. Leaves many, stiffly erect; outer ones sheathing at the base with lamina absent or up to 12 cm long, more or less densely hairy; inner leaves 2-6, linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic, up to 45 cm long, plicate, thinly hairy with stellate hairs or almost hairless, narrowing into a hairy pseudopetiole before sheathing at the base. Inflorescences up to 3with peduncles usually less than 2 cm long, flattened in cross-section, hairy. Flowers 1-2, subsessile, yellow, 2-3.5 cm in diameter. Fruit fusiform, 17-30 mm long with the remains of the perianth tube at the apex, eclosed within 2 bracts up to 20 mm long.
Type location:
Notes: C.pilosa: flower solitary and C.multiflora: flowers 3-many -
Determined as: Curculigo multiflora Zimudzi
Red data status: VU D2
Derivation of specific name: pilosa: pilose, with long soft hairs
Habitat: Usually in alluvial soils near rivers in mopane and mixed deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Fairly widespread in tropical Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Mc
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 6 July 2020

Binns, B. (1968). A First Check List of the Herbaceous Flora of Malawi The Government Printer, Zomba, Malawi Page 18. Also as Curculigo gallabatensis (Under Amaryllidaceae)

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 91.

Nordal, I. & Zimudzi, C. (2001). Hypoxidaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3) Pages 2 - 4. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Curculigo pilosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Curculigo pilosa
Flora of Mozambique: Curculigo pilosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Curculigo pilosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Curculigo pilosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Curculigo pilosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Curculigo pilosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Curculigo pilosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Curculigo pilosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Curculigo pilosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Curculigo pilosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Curculigo pilosa
Plants of the World Online: Curculigo pilosa
Tropicos: Curculigo pilosa
Wikipedia: Curculigo pilosa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Curculigo pilosa., retrieved 5 March 2024

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