Dietes iridioides (L.) Sweet. ex Klatt

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Dietes iridioides

Picture: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Dietes iridioides

Picture: Bart Wursten
Campsite, Chirinda Forest

Dietes iridioides

Picture: Bart Wursten
Campsite, Chirinda Forest

Dietes iridioides

Picture: Bart Wursten
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

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Synonyms: Dietes prolongata (Baker) N.E. Br.
Dietes vegeta sensu N.E. Br.
Moraea iridioides L.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb. Old inflorescences sometimes form branches with a cluster of new leaves, which will ultimately take root and form a new plant. This vegetative mode of reproduction may result in the forming of small colonies of this species on the forest floor.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes: The flowers are very shortlived, usually lasting no longer than half a day.
Derivation of specific name: iridioides: resembling an Iris.
Habitat: On forest floors, sometimes in deep shade.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Nov (-Feb)
Worldwide distribution: Eastern DRC, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa. 
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 6 February 2012
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 72. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 206 - 207. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 8 - 10. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Iridaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 11 - 13. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 92.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 11 - 12. As Dietes vegeta (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 115.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Page 110.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 110.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 83.

Other sources of information about Dietes iridioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Dietes iridioides
Flora of Mozambique: Dietes iridioides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dietes iridioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dietes iridioides
African Plant Database: Dietes iridioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dietes iridioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dietes iridioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dietes iridioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dietes iridioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dietes iridioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Dietes iridioides
iNaturalist: Dietes iridioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dietes iridioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Dietes iridioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dietes iridioides
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Dietes iridioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dietes iridioides
Plants of the World Online: Dietes iridioides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Dietes iridioides
Tropicos: Dietes iridioides
Wikipedia: Dietes iridioides


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Dietes iridioides.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=115700, retrieved 12 December 2019

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