Babiana bainesii Baker

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Babiana bainesii

Picture: Darrel Plowes

Babiana bainesii

Picture: Darrel Plowes

Babiana bainesii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Val D'Or

Babiana bainesii

Picture: Petra Ballings
Val D'Or

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Synonyms: Babiana hypogaea Burch.
Babiana hypogea Burch.
Common names:
Status: Native
Low growing perennial, 10 - 20 cm, with a subterranean stem growing from corms, sometimes forming clumps. Leaves 4-7, linear, up to 25 cm, plicate with hairs on the ribs. Leaves normally overtopping the flowers. Flowers arising from the underground stem, large, 5-12 cm in diameter, pale to dark blue or mauve, with a white streak in the lower tepals, rarely all white.
Type location:
South Africa, Northern Cape
Notes: Formerly known as Babiana hypogaea (or B. hypogea), we have followed Goldblatt and Manning (2004) in making the name change to B. bainesii.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A species of Kalahari sand or stony ground in woodland and grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - May
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 5. As Babiana hypogea ensifolia

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 55 - 57. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. (2004). Taxonomic notes and new species of the southern African genus Babiana (Iridaceae: Crocoideae) Bothalia 34(2) Page 91.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 313. (Includes a picture).

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Pages 26 - 27.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 92.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 17, plate 35

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 124.

Other sources of information about Babiana bainesii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Babiana bainesii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Babiana bainesii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Babiana bainesii
African Plant Database: Babiana bainesii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Babiana bainesii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Babiana bainesii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Babiana bainesii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Babiana bainesii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Babiana bainesii
JSTOR Plant Science: Babiana bainesii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Babiana bainesii
Plants of the World Online: Babiana bainesii
Tropicos: Babiana bainesii
Wikipedia: Babiana bainesii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Babiana bainesii., retrieved 3 December 2023

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