Siphonochilus aethiopicus (Schweinf.) B.L. Burtt

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Siphonochilus aethiopicus

On granite, with Xerophyta; Mutinondo Wilderness; Mar 2005.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Siphonochilus aethiopicus

In mopane woodland; Shikabeta; Jan 2004.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Siphonochilus aethiopicus

South Luangwa NP; Dec 2004.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Siphonochilus aethiopicus

Flowering before leaves; Nchendeni Hills; Dec 2004.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Siphonochilus aethiopicus

Flowering with leaves; Shikabeta; Jan 2004.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Siphonochilus aethiopicus

Mature capsule
Photo: Alison Young

Siphonochilus aethiopicus

Seed
Photo: Alison Young

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Kaempferia aethiopica (Schweinf.) Benth.
Kaempferia evae Briq.
Siphonochilus evae (Briq.) B.L.Burtt
Common names:
Frequency: Common and widespread
Status: Native
Description:
Colony forming perennial herb from short ovoid rhizomes 3-5 cm. long. Roots with fusiform tubers. Leaf sheaths forming a well-developed pseudostem; leaf lamina narrowly elliptic. Flowering before or with the leaves, flowers borne on very short peduncles. Petals whitish and translucent; labellum mauve or purple with a yellow mark at the base, occasionally white. Fruit a leathery capsule, subterranean, breaking through the surface at maturity.
Type location:
Sudan and Ethiopia
Notes: Further collections may reveal that this comprises more than one taxon.
Derivation of specific name: aethiopicus: of Ethiopia, a historic name for large parts of Africa
Habitat: Various deciduous woodland types, wooded grassland, rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: 1350 - 1850 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Senegal and Ethiopia to Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Mc,E,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Physcaeneura pione (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 19 November 2014
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 240 - 241. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 368. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 142.

Lock, J.M. (2010). Zingiberaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 129 - 130.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 27, plate 46

Other sources of information about Siphonochilus aethiopicus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Flora of Mozambique: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Siphonochilus aethiopicus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
African Plant Database: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Ispot Southern Africa: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
JSTOR Plant Science: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Siphonochilus aethiopicus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Siphonochilus aethiopicus
Tropicos: Siphonochilus aethiopicus


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Siphonochilus aethiopicus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116150, retrieved 26 May 2019

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