Brachycorythis congoensis Kraenzl.

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Synonyms: Brachycorythis hirschbergii Braid
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust terrestrial herb up to 70 cm tall with cylindrical tuberous roots. Leaves numerous, lanceolate, up to 7.5 × 3 cm, decreasing in size and narrower up the stem. Inflorescence up to 23 cm long and 5 cm wide, densely many-flowered; bracts leaf-like, up to 34 mm long. Flowers purple-pink, spotted, inner parts often whitish. Sepals elliptic or oblong; dorsal sepal 5–7 mm long; lateral sepals 5.5–7.5 mm long, oblique. Petals narrowly oblong, 4–7.5 mm long. Lip obovate or oblong, 8–12 mm long, 3-lobed in apical third, mid-lobe larger than the side lobes. Spur ar the base of the lip conical 2–3.5 mm long.
Type location:
DRC, Katanga
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: congoensis: of Congo.
Habitat: In dambos and wet grassland or in seepage areas at the base of of hill slopes.
Altitude range: 1000 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 54.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 78.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 18.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 30.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 117.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1955). A revision of the genus Brachycorythis Kew Bulletin 10 Page 250.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 30 - 31. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Brachycorythis congoensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachycorythis congoensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachycorythis congoensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachycorythis congoensis
African Plant Database: Brachycorythis congoensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachycorythis congoensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachycorythis congoensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachycorythis congoensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachycorythis congoensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachycorythis congoensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachycorythis congoensis
iNaturalist: Brachycorythis congoensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachycorythis congoensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachycorythis congoensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachycorythis congoensis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Brachycorythis congoensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachycorythis congoensis
Plants of the World Online: Brachycorythis congoensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Brachycorythis congoensis
Tropicos: Brachycorythis congoensis
Wikipedia: Brachycorythis congoensis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Brachycorythis congoensis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116300, retrieved 17 September 2019

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