Bolusiella iridifolia (Rolfe) Schltr.
subsp. picea P.J. Cribb

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Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn cliffs, Vumba

Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn cliffs, Vumba

Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn cliffs, Vumba

Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn cliffs, Vumba

Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn cliffs, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bolusiella sp. of Williamson, Orch. S. Centr. Africa: 190 (1977).
Bolusiella sp. of Morris, Epiphyt. Orch. Malawi: 96 (1970).
Bolusiella sp. no. 1 sensu Grosvenor (1976) (Wild 2083)
Tridactyle iridifolia (Rolfe) Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small epiphyte or rarely lithophyte; stem 10–20 mm long with very fine, wiry roots, less than 1 mm in diameter. Leaves 5–9, overlapping at the base, forming a fan, fleshy, recurved, 10–25 mm long and 3–4 mm wide, bilaterally flattened with a groove along the upper surface, dark green. Inflorescences usually 2 per plant, arising below the leaves, 2–5 cm long, densely c. 20-flowered. Peduncle with c. 5 black, sheathing bracts. Flowers somewhat bell-shaped, white. Sepals ovate, c. 1.5 mm long; petals slightly shorter. Lip entire, triangular 1–1.7 mm long; spur conical, saccate, c. 0.5 mm long, green.
Type location:
Zambia
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: iridifolia: with leaves like an Iris
Habitat: Montane and submontane forest edge and high rainfall Brachystegia woodland, usually grows embedded in lichen.
Altitude range: 1350 - 2250 m
Flowering time:Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 10 August 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 317. (Includes a picture).

Cribb, P.J. (1977). New orchids from South Central Africa Kew Bulletin 32(1) Pages 178 - 180. (Includes a picture).

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 78. As Bolusiella sp. no. 1

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 49.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 401 - 402. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 38.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 259.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 117.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 25 - 26.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 131.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 190 - 191. as Bolusiella sp. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 83. As Bolusiella sp.

Other sources of information about Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bolusiella iridifolia
African Plant Database: Bolusiella iridifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bolusiella iridifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bolusiella iridifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bolusiella iridifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bolusiella iridifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bolusiella iridifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bolusiella iridifolia
iNaturalist: Bolusiella iridifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bolusiella iridifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Bolusiella iridifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bolusiella iridifolia
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Bolusiella iridifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bolusiella iridifolia
Plants of the World Online: Bolusiella iridifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Bolusiella iridifolia
Tropicos: Bolusiella iridifolia
Wikipedia: Bolusiella iridifolia


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118740, retrieved 21 August 2019

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