Calyptrochilum christyanum (Rchb. f.) Summerh.

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Calyptrochilum christyanum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Calyptrochilum christyanum

Picture: Bart Wursten

Calyptrochilum christyanum

Picture: Bart Wursten

Calyptrochilum christyanum

Picture: Penny English
Chizarira NP

Calyptrochilum christyanum

Picture: Penny English
Chizarira NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Angraecum bokoyense De Wild.
Angraecum christyanum Rchb.f.
Angraecum malangeanum Kraenzl.
Angraecum marsupio-calcaratum Kraenzl.
Angraecum moloneyi Rolfe
Angraecum mombasense Rolfe
Angraecum ovalifolium De Wild.
Angraecum pynaertii De Wild.
Angraecum schoellerianum Kraenzl.
Angraecum zigzag De Wild.
Calyptrochilum bokoyense (De Wild.) Schltr.
Calyptrochilum malangeanum (Kraenzl.) Schltr.
Calyptrochilum marsupio-calcaratum (Kraenzl.) Schltr.
Calyptrochilum mombasense (Rolfe) Schltr.
Calyptrochilum orientale Schltr.
Calyptrochilum ovalifolium (De Wild.) Schltr.
Calyptrochilum pynaertii (De Wild.) Schltr.
Calyptrochilum schoellerianum (Kraenzl.) Schltr.
Calyptrochilum zigzag (De Wild.) Schltr.
Rhaphidorhynchus moloneyi (Rolfe) Finet
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust epiphytic herb, occasionally recorded as a lithophyte. Plants develop a mostly unbranched stem, which stands out horizontally or somewhat pendent from the host tree. Leaves all along the stem, fleshy, distichous. Inflorescences in the leaf axils on the underside of the stem, c. 5-7-flowered. Flowers white with a greenish-yellow throat, lemon scented. Sepals and petals similar, ovate-elliptic. Lip 3-lobed with rounded side lobes. Spur greenish with a wide mouth, constricted in the middle, the spherical apex often at right angle to the base of the spur.
Type location:
West Africa
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In woodland and riverine forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,C,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Page 248. (Includes a picture).

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79.

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 403 - 405. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 59. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 260. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 16.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Morris, B. (1965). Epiphytic orchids of the Limbuli Stream, Mlanje The Society of Malawi Journal 18(2) Page 61.

Morris, B. (1967). The epiphytic orchids of Soche Mountain. Historic and Scientific Society of Malawi Journal 20(2) Page 33.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 79 - 81. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 33 - 34. (Includes a picture).

Summerhayes, V.S. (1958). African orchids XXV Kew Bulletin 13(1) Pages 83 - 84.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 181 - 182. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Calyptrochilum christyanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Calyptrochilum christyanum
Flora of Malawi: Calyptrochilum christyanum
Flora of Mozambique: Calyptrochilum christyanum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Calyptrochilum christyanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Calyptrochilum christyanum
African Plant Database: Calyptrochilum christyanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Calyptrochilum christyanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Calyptrochilum christyanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Calyptrochilum christyanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Calyptrochilum christyanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Calyptrochilum christyanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Calyptrochilum christyanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Calyptrochilum christyanum
Plants of the World Online: Calyptrochilum christyanum
Tropicos: Calyptrochilum christyanum
Wikipedia: Calyptrochilum christyanum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Calyptrochilum christyanum., retrieved 25 April 2024

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