Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr.

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Tridactyle bicaudata

Miombo woodland
Lazy-J Ranch
Mar 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Tridactyle bicaudata

Miombo woodland
Lazy-J Ranch
Mar 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Tridactyle bicaudata

Miombo woodland
Lazy-J Ranch
Mar 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Tridactyle bicaudata

Miombo woodland
Lazy-J Ranch
Mar 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Tridactyle latifolia sensu Ball non Summerh.
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Robust epiphytic herbs with erect or pendent stems up to 80 cm long, seldom branched and covered with old leaf bases; roots 2-8 mm in diameter, smooth or slightly verrucose; leaves distichous, size depending on exposure to light, 6-15 x 0.6-1.8 cm, linear or ligulate, unequally 2-lobed at apex, thin textured and flat or fleshy and conduplicate; inflorescences arising along the stem, 3.5-13 cm long, densely up to c.25-flowered; flowers in 2 rows all facing the same way, yellowish, yellow-green or dingy-cream; pedicel and ovary 3-6 mm long; bracts 1-2 mm long, sheathing; sepals 4-6 x 1.5-4 mm, ovate, lateral sepals oblique and slightly longer and wider than dorsal sepal; petals 4-6 x 1-2 mm, narrowly oblong; lip auricled at the base, 4-6 mm long, 3-lobed at about halfway, mid-lobe 2-3 mm long, triangular, side lobes spreading, 3-5.5 mm long, linear, laciniate at the apex; spur 10-20 mm long, straight.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name: bicaudata: with two tail-like appendages possibly in reference to the side lobes of the lip.
Habitat: Miombo woodland, usually in riverine and low altitude evergreen forest, sometimes lithophytic.
Altitude range: 900 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 12 February 2020

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 222 - 225. Also as Tridactyle latifolia (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56. As Tridactyle bicaudata bicaudata

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 168. See note

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 86. Also as Tridactyle latifolia

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 52.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 451 - 452. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 135. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 289. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 17.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 98.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 124.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 82 - 83. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 142.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 203 - 204. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Tridactyle bicaudata:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora of Malawi: Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora of Mozambique: Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tridactyle bicaudata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tridactyle bicaudata
African Plant Database: Tridactyle bicaudata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tridactyle bicaudata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tridactyle bicaudata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tridactyle bicaudata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tridactyle bicaudata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tridactyle bicaudata
JSTOR Plant Science: Tridactyle bicaudata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tridactyle bicaudata
Plants of the World Online: Tridactyle bicaudata
Tropicos: Tridactyle bicaudata
Wikipedia: Tridactyle bicaudata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Tridactyle bicaudata., retrieved 24 July 2024

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