Eulophia cucullata (Afzel. ex Sw.) Steud.

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Eulophia cucullata

Serenje Central
Dec 2014
Photo: Jakob Fahr

Eulophia cucullata

Serenje Central
Dec 2014
Photo: Jakob Fahr

Eulophia cucullata

South of Chinyanta
Dec 2013
Conny Rumpp

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia arenaria (Lindl.) Bolus
Eulophia monteiroi (Rolfe) Butzin
Limodorum cucullatum Afzel. ex Sw.
Lissochilus arenarius Lindl.
Lissochilus dilectus Rchb.f.
Lissochilus kassnerianus Kraenzl.
Lissochilus monteiroi Rolfe
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
A terrestrial up to 1.3 m tall, with long narrow leaves, usually absent or just developing at the time of flowering. The inflorescence may have up to 9 large, deep-pink flowers with purple and yellow markings in the throat. The flowers, up to 3.5 cm in diameter, may vary in size but are otherwise fairly consistent throughout the range.
Type location:
West Africa
Derivation of specific name: cucullata: hooded
Habitat: A species found in many types of woodland and wooded grassland, roadsides and along forest margins.
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa and Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,E,C,S,W
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 February 2015

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review. Pages 112 - 113. (Includes a picture).

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 74. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 234 - 235. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Cribb, P.J. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 437 - 438. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 58.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 493 - 495. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 335 - 337. (Includes a picture).

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Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 381. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 364 - 365. (Includes a picture).

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 43 - 44. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 33, plate 53

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 372 - 373. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 392.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 117 - 118. (Includes a picture).

Summerhayes, V.S. (1953). African Orchids: XXII Kew Bulletin 8(4) Page 585.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1953). African orchids XXI Kew Bulletin 8(1) Page 148.

Other sources of information about Eulophia cucullata:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eulophia cucullata
Flora of Malawi: Eulophia cucullata
Flora of Mozambique: Eulophia cucullata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia cucullata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia cucullata
African Plant Database: Eulophia cucullata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia cucullata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia cucullata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia cucullata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia cucullata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia cucullata
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia cucullata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia cucullata
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia cucullata
Tropicos: Eulophia cucullata
Wikipedia: Eulophia cucullata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Eulophia cucullata., retrieved 19 July 2024

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