Eulophia hians Spreng.
var. nutans (Schltr.) S.A. Thomas

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Eulophia hians var. nutans

Moist to wet dambo in black muck soil
Kundalila Falls
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia hians var. nutans

Moist to wet dambo in black muck soil
Kundalila Falls
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia aemula Schltr.
Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans (Sond.) A.V. Hall
Eulophia crinita Rolfe
Eulophia nutans Sond.
Eulophia ukingensis Schltr.
Eulophia vaginata Ridl.
Eulophia vleminckxiana Geerinck & Schaijes
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, 25-75 cm tall. Leaves 5-6, linear, up to 75 cm long, fully developed at time of flowering (in this variety). Inflorescence laxly few to many-flowered. Flowers somewhat drooping, not opening wide, often self-pollinating. Sepals olive-green flushed with purple-brown to brown; petals white or dull yellow-green. Lip 3-lobed, white or dull yellow-green; mid lobe with a white or pale yellow crest of papillae. Spur not swollen, 2-4 mm long, incurved.
Type location:
Syntypes from South Africa
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Various types of grassland both at lower altitudes and in montane areas. Also in vleis, bogs and high rainfall woodland.
Altitude range: 900 - 2200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Eswatini, South Africa, Yemen and Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 10 April 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323.

Cribb, P.J. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 448 - 450. as Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 58. as Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81. as Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 473 - 476. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 312 - 314. as Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 366 - 369. as Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 312 - 313. as Eulophia nutans (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 127.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 116. as Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 135.

Thomas, S. (1998). Note of nomenclature and typification of Eulophia Hians Spreng (Orchidaceae) Kew Bulletin 53(4) Page 1006.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 159 - 161. as Eulophia ukingensis and E. clavicornis var. nutans (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia hians var. nutans:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eulophia hians var. nutans
Flora of Malawi: Eulophia hians var. nutans
Flora of Mozambique: Eulophia hians var. nutans
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia hians var. nutans

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia hians
African Plant Database: Eulophia hians
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia hians
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia hians
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia hians
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia hians
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia hians
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eulophia hians
iNaturalist: Eulophia hians
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia hians
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia hians
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia hians
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia hians
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia hians
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia hians
Tropicos: Eulophia hians
Wikipedia: Eulophia hians

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Eulophia hians var. nutans., retrieved 8 February 2023

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