Orthochilus odontoglossus (Rchb. f.) Bytebier

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Orthochilus odontoglossus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Airedale Rd to Bonda, Nyanga

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Airedale Rd to Bonda, Nyanga

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Rusape-Juliasdale rd near Brondesbury Park Hotel

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Rusape-Juliasdale rd near Brondesbury Park Hotel

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road from Penhalonga to Small Bridge Dam

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Freshwater Rd, Vumba

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cyrtopera holstiana Kraenzl.
Cyrtopera papillosa Rolfe
Cyrtopera shupangae Rchb.f.
Eulophia aurea Kraenzl.
Eulophia chrysantha Schltr.
Eulophia durbanensis Rolfe
Eulophia graciliscapa Schltr.
Eulophia johnstonii Rolfe
Eulophia missionis Rendle
Eulophia odontoglossa Rchb. f.
Eulophia panganiana Kraenzl.
Eulophia papillosa (Rolfe) Schltr.
Eulophia propinqua Hutch.
Eulophia shupangae (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb, up to 1 m. Leaves 2-3, grass-like, up to 28 cm, well developed at the time of flowering. Flowering stem covered in pale brown papery sheaths. Inflorescence open with 20 to 30 flowers. Flowers bright yellow; sepals and petals similar; lip covered in darker orange-brown to purple papillae.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name: odontoglossa: with a toothed tongue, referring to the dentate margin of the midlobe of the lip.
Habitat: In open seasonally wet grassland and vlei margins, often along roadsides.
Altitude range: Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Eswatini and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Mc,Lk
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 5 February 2012

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 234 - 235. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Cribb, P.J. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81. As Eulophia odontoglossa

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 511 - 512.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 309. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 17. As Eulophia odontoglossa

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 392 - 393. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Martos, F., Johnson, S.D., Peter, C.I & Bytebier, B. (2014). A molecular phylogeny reveals paraphyly of the large genus Eulophia (Orchidaceae): A case for the reinstatement of Orthochilus Taxon 63(1) Page 19.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 334 - 335. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 244 - 245. (Includes a picture).

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 121 - 122. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 136.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1953). African orchids XXI Kew Bulletin 8(1) Pages 157 - 159. as Eulophia shupangae

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 157 - 158. As Eulophia odontoglossa and E. shupangae (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Orthochilus odontoglossus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Orthochilus odontoglossus
Flora of Malawi: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Flora of Mozambique: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Orthochilus odontoglossus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orthochilus odontoglossus
African Plant Database: Orthochilus odontoglossus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orthochilus odontoglossus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orthochilus odontoglossus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orthochilus odontoglossus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Orthochilus odontoglossus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orthochilus odontoglossus
JSTOR Plant Science: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Plants of the World Online: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Tropicos: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Wikipedia: Orthochilus odontoglossus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Orthochilus odontoglossus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119430, retrieved 24 July 2024

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