Orthochilus rarus (Schltr.) Bytebier

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Orthochilus rarus

Picture: Mark Hyde
Mukuvisi Woodland, by path by Mukuvisi River

Orthochilus rarus

Picture: Mark Hyde
Mukuvisi Woodland, by path by Mukuvisi River

Orthochilus rarus

Picture: Mark Hyde
Mukuvisi Woodland, by path by Mukuvisi River

Orthochilus rarus

Picture: Bill Clarke
Val D'Or, Arcturus

Orthochilus rarus

Picture: Jean-Michel Blake
Zambesi Holidays camp, Marondera

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Synonyms: Eulophia rara Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb to 36 cm tall with irregularly-shaped underground tubers. Leaves 4-5, linear, grass-like, present at flowering time. Inflorescence lax or dense with few to several flowers. Flowers not opening widely, becoming pendent, usually dull mauve to purplish. Lip 3-lobed with 2 lamellae running from near the base to the about the centre of the lobe; spur 1-2 mm long, narrowly cylindric or cylindric-clavate. Fruit pendent.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In deciduous miombo woodland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,E,Lk
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 20 July 2016

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 325.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 61. As Eulophia rara

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 507 - 508.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 311.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96. As Eulophia rara

Martos, F., Johnson, S.D., Peter, C.I & Bytebier, B. (2014). A molecular phylogeny reveals paraphyly of the large genus Eulophia (Orchidaceae): A case for the reinstatement of Orthochilus Taxon 63(1) Page 20.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120. As Eulophia rara

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 136.

Other sources of information about Orthochilus rarus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Orthochilus rarus
Flora of Mozambique: Orthochilus rarus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Orthochilus rarus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orthochilus rarus
African Plant Database: Orthochilus rarus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orthochilus rarus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orthochilus rarus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Orthochilus rarus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Orthochilus rarus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orthochilus rarus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Orthochilus rarus
iNaturalist: Orthochilus rarus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orthochilus rarus
JSTOR Plant Science: Orthochilus rarus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Orthochilus rarus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Orthochilus rarus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orthochilus rarus
Plants of the World Online: Orthochilus rarus
Tropicos: Orthochilus rarus
Wikipedia: Orthochilus rarus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Orthochilus rarus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119530, retrieved 7 December 2021

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