Celtis gomphophylla Baker

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Celtis gomphophylla

Picture: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Celtis gomphophylla

Picture: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Celtis gomphophylla

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Chalet 3, Chirinda Forest

Celtis gomphophylla

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Chalet 3, Chirinda Forest

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Synonyms: Celtis dioica S. Moore
Celtis durandii Engl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Large tree, often with a well buttressed trunk. Bark smooth, grey. Leaves ovate to oblong, 8-19 cm, dark green, covered with small rough hairs; apex forming a long drip-tip; margin entire or obscurely toothed in the apical half. Flowers in small axillary clusters, greenish, unisexual on the same tree. Fruit conical-ovoid, often 4-angled when dry, c. 1 cm, dark yellow, tipped with the remains of the stigma.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jul - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria, São Tomé, DRC, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 67. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 127.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 233.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 177.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 3. as Celtis dioica

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 181.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 75.

Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (1991). Ulmaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 8 - 10. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Celtis gomphophylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Celtis gomphophylla
Flora of Mozambique: Celtis gomphophylla
Flora of Zimbabwe: Celtis gomphophylla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Celtis gomphophylla
African Plant Database: Celtis gomphophylla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Celtis gomphophylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Celtis gomphophylla
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Celtis gomphophylla
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Celtis gomphophylla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Celtis gomphophylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Celtis gomphophylla
iNaturalist: Celtis gomphophylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Celtis gomphophylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Celtis gomphophylla
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Celtis gomphophylla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Celtis gomphophylla
Plants of the World Online: Celtis gomphophylla
Tropicos: Celtis gomphophylla
Wikipedia: Celtis gomphophylla

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Celtis gomphophylla.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120070, retrieved 28 October 2021

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