Maclura africana (Bureau) Corner

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Maclura africana

Foot of Chongwe Falls
Aug 2018
Photo: Mike Hackston

Maclura africana

Foot of Chongwe Falls
Aug 2018
Photo: Mike Hackston

Maclura africana

Foot of Chongwe Falls
Aug 2018
Photo: Mike Hackston

Maclura africana

Foot of Chongwe Falls
Aug 2018
Photo: Mike Hackston

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cardiogyne africana Bureau
Milicia spinosa Sim
Common names:
Status: Native
A widely scrambling spiny shrub. Leaves spirally arranged, often on short, spine-tipped, lateral branchlets, elliptic, dark green, hairless. Flowers in small, dense axillary heads, white, unisexual, sexes on different plants. Fruit a small head of nutlets, each enveloped in the persistent perianth, grey to orange.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In hot and dry riverine vegetation and along the edges of pans; also coastal scrub and on coral rocks
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: From southeastern Kenya to South Africa and Madagascar
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E,Lk
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 15 September 2018

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 18 - 21. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 319 - 322. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 73. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 38.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 131.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Cardiogyne africana

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27. As Cardiogyne africana

Other sources of information about Maclura africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Maclura africana
Flora of Mozambique: Maclura africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Maclura africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Maclura africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Maclura africana
African Plant Database: Maclura africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Maclura africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maclura africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Maclura africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Maclura africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maclura africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Maclura africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Maclura africana
Plants of the World Online: Maclura africana
Tropicos: Maclura africana
Wikipedia: Maclura africana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Maclura africana., retrieved 1 March 2024

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