Maclura africana (Bureau) Corner

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Maclura africana

Foot of Chongwe Falls
Aug 2018
Photo: Mike Hackston

Maclura africana

Foot of Chongwe Falls
Aug 2018
Photo: Mike Hackston

Maclura africana

Foot of Chongwe Falls
Aug 2018
Photo: Mike Hackston

Maclura africana

Foot of Chongwe Falls
Aug 2018
Photo: Mike Hackston

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cardiogyne africana Bureau
Milicia spinosa Sim
Common names:
Status: Native
A widely scrambling spiny shrub. Leaves spirally arranged, often on short, spine-tipped, lateral branchlets, elliptic, dark green, hairless. Flowers in small, dense axillary heads, white, unisexual, sexes on different plants. Fruit a small head of nutlets, each enveloped in the persistent perianth, grey to orange.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In hot and dry riverine vegetation and along the edges of pans; also coastal scrub and on coral rocks
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: From southeastern Kenya to South Africa and Madagascar
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E,Lk
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 15 September 2018

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 18 - 21. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 319 - 322. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 73. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 131.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Cardiogyne africana

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Other sources of information about Maclura africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Maclura africana
Flora of Mozambique: Maclura africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Maclura africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Maclura africana
African Plant Database: Maclura africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Maclura africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maclura africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Maclura africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Maclura africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Maclura africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Maclura africana
iNaturalist: Maclura africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maclura africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Maclura africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Maclura africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Maclura africana
Plants of the World Online: Maclura africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Maclura africana
Tropicos: Maclura africana
Wikipedia: Maclura africana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Maclura africana., retrieved 16 December 2019

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